An Introduction to Metaphysics
This book is an accessible introduction to the central themes of contemporary metaphysics. It carefully considers accounts of causation, freedom and determinism, laws of nature, personal identity, mental states, time, material objects, and properties, while inviting students to reflect on metaphysical problems. The philosophical questions discussed include: What makes it the case that one event causes another event? What are material objects? Given that material objects exist, do such things as properties exist? What makes it the case that a person may exist at two different times? An Introduction to Metaphysics makes these tough questions tractable by presenting the features and flaws of current attempts to answer them. Intended primarily for students taking a first class in metaphysics, this lucid and well-written text would also provide an excellent introduction for anyone interested in knowing more about this important area of philosophy.
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Abstract Particulars according account of predication acting freely action atom Austere Nominalist brain Brutal Composition caused chapter characterization claim Compatibilism Compatibilist concept consequence consider Constant Conjunction counterfactual conditional Counterfactual Dependence deﬁnition Determinism is true entails event example exist fact ﬁnd ﬁrst Four-Dimensionalism Four-Dimensionalist freedom human Humean ical idea indeterministic instantiated intuitive Inwagen kind lawhood lawlike laws of nature Lewis Lewis’s Libertarian Agent Causation Markosian McTaggart’s argument mental Mereological Essentialism mereological simple metaphysical necessity metaphysically possible metaphysicians mind morally responsible NS Condition ontology paraphrase particles person at t2 person-stages personal identity philosophers physical objects physically necessary Plato plausible point-sized possible world present problem of personal properties proponent propositions Psychological Continuity question raised reason relation relevant Same-Life Theory scientiﬁc seems sentence Socrates spatial spatio-temporal continuity speciﬁc sufﬁcient Supervenience suppose temporal Theorist Theory of Personal things tion Transfer Principle Trope truth vacuously true View of Simples virtue