The History of British India, Volume 1

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Mill is remembered for his classic History of British India, first published in 1818. After scrutinizing India's arts, manufactures, literature, religion, and laws, he concluded, vigorously disputing William Jones' claims, that the Hindus did not possess, and never had possessed, ' a high state of civilization.' They were rather a 'rude' people who had made 'but a few of the earliest steps in the progress to civilization'. There existed in India, he wrote, a 'hideous state of society', inferior even to that of the European feudal age. Bound down to despotism and to ' a system of priestcraft, built upon the most enormous and tormenting superstition that even harassed and degraded any portion of mankind', the Hindus had become'the most enslaved portion of the human race.' Mill has given the correct quality of Hindu society. But William Jones, in his craze to get knighthood, produced fake Sanskrit manuscripts with the help of his Brahmin tutors and gave a prostituted history. Fabricated Sanskrit manuscripts were produced to make a false claim that ancient Indians knew surgery, physics, and geography. Jones' Manu Smriti was written by him by following Creation Story in the Bible. There was no Manu Smriti available when Jones traced for it because Hindus believed that it was sacrilegious to. write down the sacred text. So Jones himself wrote it by listening to the corrupt narration of Brahmin priests, but heavily based on Biblical Creation account.Jones' Sakuntala was remodeled on the lines of Shakespeare and Klaidasa would not have divided the play into scenes and Act. But it was Mill who correctly said, "Indians dis not possess and never had possessed a high state of civilization." Jones and other Orientalists produced fake manuscripts to show that Indians had an advanced knowledge in science and medicine.  

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Page 491 - ... then the sole self-existing power, himself undiscerned, but making this world discernible, with five elements and other principles of nature, appeared with undiminished glory, expanding his idea, or dispelling the gloom. He, whom the mind alone can perceive, whose essence eludes the external organs, who has no visible parts, who exists from eternity, even he, the soul of all beings, whom no being can comprehend, shone forth in person.
Page 236 - Thou shalt not lend upon usury to thy brother; usury of money, usury of victuals, usury of any thing that is lent upon usury: unto a stranger thou mayest lend upon usury; but unto thy brother thou shalt not lend upon usury...
Page 524 - ... each other; and above all, a treatment of the female sex full of . confidence, respect and delicacy, are among the signs which denote a...
Page 312 - Under this simple form of municipal government, the inhabitants of the country have lived from time immemorial. The boundaries of the villages have been but seldom altered ; and though the villages themselves have been sometimes injured and even desolated by war, famine and disease, the same name, the same limits, the same interests and even the same families, have continued for ages. The inhabitants...
Page 312 - The inhabitants give themselves no trouble about the breaking up and division of kingdoms. While the village remains entire, they care not to what power it is transferred, or to what sovereign it devolves. Its internal economy remains unchanged.
Page 493 - He gave being to time and the divisions of time, to the stars also, and to the planets, to rivers, oceans and mountains, to level plains and uneven valleys...
Page 407 - Let him slide backwards and forwards on the ground ; or let him stand a whole day on tiptoe ; or let him continue in motion rising and sitting alternately : but at sunrise, at noon, and at sunset, let him go to the waters and bathe. In the hot season, let him sit exposed to five fires ; four blazing around him, with the sun above : in the rains, let him stand uncovered, without even a mantle, and where the clouds pour the heaviest showers ; in the cold season, let him wear humid vesture ; and let...
Page 300 - Neque quisquam agri modum certum aut fines habet proprios ; sed magistratus ac principes in annos singulos gentibus cognationibusque hominum , qui una coierunt , quantum et quo loco visum est agri adtribuunt atque anno post alio transire cogunt.
Page 386 - We must not be surprised," he says, " at finding, on a close examination, that the characters of all the Pagan deities, male and female, melt into each other and at last into one or two; for it seems a well-founded opinion, that the whole crowd of gods and goddesses in ancient Rome, and modern Varanes [Benares] mean only the powers of nature, and principally those of the Sun, expressed in a variety of ways and by a multitude of fanciful names.
Page 129 - England, which were a heap of nonsense, compiled by a few ignorant country gentlemen, who hardly knew how to make laws for the good government of their own private families, much less for the regulating of Companies and foreign commerce.

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