A Source Book in Medieval Science

Front Cover
Edward Grant
Harvard University Press, 1974 - Science - 864 pages

Modern scholarship has exposed the intrinsic importance of medieval science and confirmed its role in preserving and transmitting Greek and Arabic achievements. This Source Book offers a rare opportunity to explore more than ten centuries of European scientific thought. In it are approximately 190 selections by about 85 authors, most of them from the Latin West. Nearly half of the selections appear here for the first time in any vernacular translation.

The readings, a number of them complete treatises, have been chosen to represent "science" in a medieval rather than a modern sense. Thus, insofar as they are relevant to medieval science, selections have been drawn from works on alchemy, astrology, logic, and theology. Most of the book, however, reflects medieval understanding of, and achievements in, the mathematical, physical, and biological sciences. Critical commentary and annotation accompany the selections. An appendix contains brief biographiesof all authors.

This book will be an indispensible resource for students and scholars in the history of science.

 

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Contents

On Arithmetic
17
On the Motion of Mercury and Venus Around Domingo Gundisalvo
29
The Translation of Greek and Arabic Science into
35
The Reaction of the Universities and Ages 94
42
On Comets 539 OCEANOGRAPHY
70
Infinite Series 131
211
ASTROLOGY
243
Contrary Motions
284
The Burning Glass
430
On the Possible Diurnal Rotation of
494
On the Existence of an Imaginary Infinite Biology
554
On a Godfilled Extramundane Infinite Void 84 An Attempt at a Scientific Description
654
On the Formation of Minerals and Metals and 87 Philosophical and Theoretical Botany
689
Twentysix Arguments against Alchemy and Oak Tree
699
How Elements Persist in a Compound 603 Isidore of Seville
705
On the Formation of Stones and SCIENTIFIC METHOD
720

Mathematical Representations
292
ATOMISM
312
Nature Abhors a Vacuum
324
Motion in a Hypothetical Void
334
Late ThirteenthCentury Synthesis
392
The Structure of
397
The Debate about Visual
403
The Geometry of Reflec
410
Paraboloidal Burning
417
The Geometry of Refrac
423
The Image or Representation of the World Master Nicholas
729
A FifteenthCentury Autopsy
740
Interpretation of the Urine
748
A METHOD OF MEDICAL PRACTICE
760
Definition and Objectives of Surgery
797
Bubonic Plague 773
809
A Selection
817
INDEX
831
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About the author (1974)

Edward Grant is Professor of History of Science, Emeritus, at Indiana University, Bloomington.

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