A Source Book in Medieval Science

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Harvard University Press, 1974 - Science - 864 pages

Modern scholarship has exposed the intrinsic importance of medieval science and confirmed its role in preserving and transmitting Greek and Arabic achievements. This Source Book offers a rare opportunity to explore more than ten centuries of European scientific thought. In it are approximately 190 selections by about 85 authors, most of them from the Latin West. Nearly half of the selections appear here for the first time in any vernacular translation.

The readings, a number of them complete treatises, have been chosen to represent "science" in a medieval rather than a modern sense. Thus, insofar as they are relevant to medieval science, selections have been drawn from works on alchemy, astrology, logic, and theology. Most of the book, however, reflects medieval understanding of, and achievements in, the mathematical, physical, and biological sciences. Critical commentary and annotation accompany the selections. An appendix contains brief biographiesof all authors.

This book will be an indispensible resource for students and scholars in the history of science.

 

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Contents

Number Theory and Indeterminate 37 Questions on the Two Books of Aristotles
24
EARLY MIDDLE AGES 14 An Objection to Theological Restrictions
50
On the Order of the Planets 27 Hugh of St Victor
59
On Comets 539 OCEANOGRAPHY
70
On Ocean and Tides 30 Introduction
77
A List of Translations Made from Arabic into 19 On the Importance of Studying
90
The Command to Expurgate Aristotles Books
106
A Selection
114
The Debate about Visual
403
The Geometry of Reflec
410
Paraboloidal Burning
417
The Geometry of Refrac
423
The Burning Glass
430
On the Possible Diurnal Rotation of
494
On the Existence of an Imaginary Infinite Biology
554
On a Godfilled Extramundane Infinite Void 84 An Attempt at a Scientific Description
654

A Proposition on Mathematical 38 Questions on The Four Books of Aristotles
207
Manipulation of MOTION
228
Rational and Irrational Exponents
234
Two Medieval Versions of Archimedes William of Heytesbury
243
Constructions from an Applied Resistant Medium? The Responses of Aver
253
Trigonometry of the Sine 188 Averroes 46 The Medieval Aristotelian Principle
265
Questions on the Eight Books of Aristotles 48 The Impetus Theory of Projectile
275
Mathematical Representations
292
ATOMISM
312
ON VACUUM
324
Motion in a Hypothetical Void
334
Late ThirteenthCentury Synthesis
392
The Structure of
397
On the Formation of Minerals and Metals and 87 Philosophical and Theoretical Botany
689
Twentysix Arguments against Alchemy and Oak Tree
699
How Elements Persist in a Compound 603 Isidore of Seville
705
On the Formation of Stones and SCIENTIFIC METHOD
720
The Image or Representation of the World Master Nicholas
729
A FifteenthCentury Autopsy
740
Interpretation of the Urine
748
A METHOD OF MEDICAL PRACTICE
760
Definition and Objectives of Surgery
797
Bubonic Plague 773
809
INDEX
831
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About the author (1974)

Edward Grant is Professor of History of Science, Emeritus, at Indiana University, Bloomington.

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