Introduction to the Physics of Rocks

Front Cover
Princeton University Press, 1994 - Science - 294 pages

Finding viable solutions to many of the problems threatening our environment hinges on understanding the rocks below the earth's surface. For those evaluating the relative hazards of radioactive waste sites, investigating energy resources such as oil, gas, and hydrothermal energy, studying the behavior of natural hazards like earthquakes and volcanoes, or charting the flow of groundwater through the earth, this book will be indispensable. Until now, there has been no book that treats the subject of the nature and behavior of rocks in a comprehensive yet accessible manner. Yves Guéguen and Victor Palciauskas first discuss the physical properties of rocks, proceeding by chapter through mechanical, fluid flow, acoustical, electrical, dielectric, thermal, and magnetic properties. Then they provide the theoretical framework for achieving reliable data and making reasonable inferences about the aggregate system within the earth. Introduction to the Physics of Rocks covers the important and most current theoretical approaches to the physics of inhomogeneous media, including theoretical bounds on properties, various effective medium theories, percolation, and fractals.


This book will be of use to students and researchers in civil, petroleum, and environmental engineering and to geologists, geophysicists, hydrologists, and other earth scientists interested in the physics of the earth. Its clear presentation, with problems at the end of each chapter and selective references, will make it ideal for advanced undergraduate-or graduate-level courses.

 

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Contents

Rocks
3
Igneous Rocks
5
Sedimentary Rocks
9
Problems
15
References
16
Porous Media
17
Porosity Evolution
21
Surface Energy
29
Fracture
145
Plasticity
149
Problems
157
References
158
Acoustic Properties
159
Attenuation of Acoustic Waves
168
Velocity Anisotrophy
175
Problems
180

Imbibition and Drainage
33
Surface Adsorption
44
Surface Roughness
47
Problems
50
References
52
Heterogeneous Media
53
Calculation of Effective Properties
56
Percolation
61
Percolation through a Fractured Medium
66
Problems
71
References
72
Mechanical Behavior of Dry Rocks
73
Deformations
77
Elastic Behavior
80
Fracture
91
Plasticity
104
Problems
114
References
116
Circulation of Fluids Permeability
117
Permeability Models
126
Problems
133
References
134
Mechanical Behavior of FluidSaturated Rocks
135
References
181
Electrical Conductivity
182
Conductivity of Rocks
190
Conductivity Models
201
Problems
210
References
211
Dielectric Properties
212
Electromagnetic Waves
226
Dielectric Properties of Rocks
233
Problems
252
References
253
Thermal Conductivity
254
Thermal Conductivity of Minerals
256
Thermal Conductivity of Rocks
267
Problems
276
References
277
Magnetic Properties
278
Rock Magnetization
288
Problems
291
References
292
Index
293
Copyright

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About the author (1994)

Yves Guéguen is Professor of Geophysics at the University of Rennes. Victor Palciauskas is on the research faculty at the University of California, Davis.

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