The Antichrist and the Lollards: Apocalypticism in Late Medieval and Reformation England
This study examines expectations of imminent judgment that energized reform movements in Late Medieval and Reformation Europe. It probes the apocalyptic vision of the Lollards, followers of the Oxford professor John Wycliff (1384). The Lollards repudiated the medieval church and established conventicles despite officially sanctioned prosecution. While exploring the full spectrum of late medieval apocalypticism, this work focuses on the diverse range of Wycliffite literature, political and religious treatises, sermons, biblical commentaries, including trial records, to reveal a dynamic strain of apocalyptic discourse. It shows that sixteenth-century English apocalypticism was fed by vibrant, indigenous Wycliffite well springs. The rhetoric of Lollard apocalypticism is analyzed and its effect on carriers and audiences is investigated, illuminating the rise of evil in church and society as perceived by the Lollards and their radical reform program.
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The Established Apocalyptic
Chapter Five The Dissemination of Lollard Apocalypticism
Looking in from the Outside
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Adso Adsonian Antichrist Antichrist vita apocalyptic Apocalyptic Tradition apocalyptic vision apocalypticism apocalypticists autem Bale Bauckham Beast biblical bishop book of Revelation Brut century chapter chiliasm Christ Christians church hierarchy cited clergy commentary Compendium doctrine ecclesie eciam eius enim ergo erit eschatological exegesis exegete Floretum fratres friars Glossa Gog and Magog gospel Heresy heretics holy Hudson Hussite ibid interpretation Joachim Joachim of Fiore John John Bale Lanterne last days late medieval legem Literacy Lollard Lollard apocalypticism London manuscript McGinn medieval church Middle Ages Middle English millenarian Opus Arduum Oxford papa papacy papal passage patet pope Potestate Pape Praier and complaynte Premature Reformation Pricke prophecy prophetic Pseudo-Methodius quam quia quod refers Register Trefnant Revelation scilicet scripture secular authorities sermon sicut spiritual sunt Taborite tamen tempore Tiburtine Sibyl Trefnant Tudor Apocalypse tunc Tyconius Wyclif Wycliffite