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Introduction to Physiology
Structure and Function
Introduction to Physiology 1 Tight Junctions Desmosomes Gap Junctions
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action potential active transport afferent neurons alveolar alveoli amino acids antigen arterioles axon baroreceptors bicarbonate binding blood flow blood vessels body brain calcium called capillaries carbon dioxide cardiovascular causes changes channels Chapter chemical concentration contraction cortex creases cytosol decrease depolarization diffusion ducts effect energy enzyme epinephrine epithelial cells extracellular fluid fibers Figure filtration force function glands glomerular glucose heart hemoglobin hormones hydrogen ions immune increase input interstitial fluid kidneys levels located lumen lungs mean arterial pressure mechanisms membrane potential messenger metabolic molecules mOsm motor move muscle cells nerve nervous system neural neurotransmitter normal occurs organs osmolarity oxidation oxygen parasympathetic pathway permeability plasma membrane potassium produced proteins pulmonary Quick Test reabsorption reaction receptors reflex regulated release renal resistance respiratory response secretion sensory skeletal muscle smooth muscle sodium solute spinal cord stimulates sympathetic synapses synthesis thyroid tion tissue tract triggers tubule types urine venous ventricle ventricular