Elements of Ethics

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Silver, Burdett & Company, 1900 - Ethics - 294 pages
 

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Contents

FIRST PART OBLIGATION Introduction 19 Moral law a reality Ethics denned
35
Two methods avoided
37
The method adopted in this treatise 38 I Rights 22 The claim Contention for private for public
42
The task of ethics A right how to be treated
43
Conscious life a condition and determinant of 43 25 Desires the basis The ethical principle 45 26 Kinds of rights reduced to liberty 49 II Liberty 27...
61
Practical difficulties Partial clearances 66 38 Property rights Adjudication of 68 39 The trespass of forced intrusion of vice of discourtesy 69 40 Per...
87
Welfare page 93 Pleasure not the sole content of welfare 183 94 Welfare defined Its imperfect realization 186 95 Happiness its reflex Special condi...
97
Sanctions 49 Consequences ratify and sanctify the law 95 50 Subjective sanctions Moral sentiments 97 51 The natural impulse to reward and punis...
102
Transition 103 A brief summary of the foregoing doctrine 209 104 Complex social relations now to be considered 211 I The
103
Pain a penal ordinance Not an evil 104 VI Right and Wrong 55 The meaning and extension of the terms 107 56 Their opposition Determination of ...
112
Moral quality a property of the intention 113 59 The immediate and the ulterior intention
115
The moral paradox
122
Legalized justice Its basis Its imperfection 127 66 Equity its jural and its general sense 129 67 Mercy social judicial divine consists with justice 131 ...
141
Second part Conclusion
155
Service 80 Extension of the notion of duty Service obligatory 158 81 Illustrative cases The law restated 159 82 The dignity of service Ministry Her...
172
91 Progress in moral culture Irregularity of
178
PAGE
211
Is a duplex organism His corporeal organization
213
His mental organization Exemplified in desires
214
What if alone or if in society without affections
216
A solitary unreal Man hardly without affections
219
Ethical elements discoverable in personal relations only
220
The Family 110 Variety in obligations due to variety in relations
222

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Page 167 - virtue* Did not go forth of us, 'twere all alike As if we had them not. Spirits are not finely touch'd But to fine issues, nor Nature never lends The smallest scruple of her excellence. But, like a thrifty goddess, she determines Herself the glory of a creditor, Both thanks and use.
Page 254 - What constitutes a State? Not high-raised battlement or labored mound. Thick wall or moated gate ; Not cities proud with spires and turrets crowned ; Not bays and broad-armed ports, Where, laughing at the storm, rich navies ride ; Nor starred and spangled courts, Where low-browed baseness waft* perfume to pride.
Page 49 - All men are by nature equally free and independent, and have certain inherent rights, of which, when they enter into a state of society, they cannot, by any compact, deprive or divest their posterity; namely, the enjoyments of life and liberty,
Page 184 - all we think ; every effort we can make to throw off our subjection, will serve but to demonstrate and confirm it. The principle of utility, recognizes this subjection, and assumes it for the foundation of that system, the object of which is to rear the fabric of felicity by the hands of reason and of law.
Page 189 - to serve, and that to shun mankind; Some place the bliss in action, some in ease, Those call it pleasure, and contentment these ; Some, sunk to beasts, find pleasure end in pain, Some, swelled to gods, confess e'en virtue vain; Or indolent, to each extreme they fall, To trust in everything, or doubt of all.
Page 189 - thy name, That something still which prompts the eternal sigh, For which we bear to live, or dare to die; Which, still so near us, yet beyond us lies, O*erlooked, seen double, by the fool and wise ; Plant of celestial seed, if dropped below, Say in what mortal soil thon deign'st to grow.
Page 268 - when any government shall be found inadequate or contrary to these purposes, a majority of the community hath an indubitable, inalienable, and indefeasible right to reform, alter, or . abolish it, in such manner as shall be judged most conducive to the public weal.
Page 132 - be thy plea, consider this, That, in the course of justice, none of us Should sec salvation ; we do pray for mercy ; And that same prayer doth teach us all to render The deed* of mercy.
Page 170 - The leper raised not the gold from the dust; ' Better to me the poor man's crust i Better the blessing of the poor, Though I turn me empty from his door.' That is no true alms which the hand can hold; He gives nothing but worthless gold Who gives from a sense of duty.
Page 260 - be obtained in many generations, it becomes a partnership not only between those who are living, but between those who are living and those who are dead and those who are to be born. Each contract of each particular State is a clause in the great primeval contract of eternal society, linking the lower with the higher natures, connecting the visible and

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