Viking Pirates and Christian Princes: Dynasty, Religion, and Empire in the North Atlantic
In popular imagination, the Vikings are remembered as fierce warrior seamen who campaigned through Western Europe, terrorizing British, Frankish, and Irish societies. Yet is it possible that the great Viking armies left more in their wake than carnage and destruction? The stories of two families-the Olafssons, who transformed a pirate camp in Ireland into the kingdom of Dublin, and the Haraldssons, whose rule encompassed Hebrides, Galloway, and the Isle of Man-suggest that the Vikings did indeed leave behind a much greater legacy.
Between the tenth and twelfth centuries, these two Viking families, descendants of men whom earlier chroniclers dismissed as pagan pirates, established themselves as Christian rulers whose domain straddled the Scandinavian and Celtic worlds. The Olafssons and Haraldssons carved out empires that inspired fear and made their families fabulously wealthy. From their ranks came the settlers who gave name to the Danelaw in Britain, Fingal in Ireland, and Normandy in Francia. Celebrated in Icelandic sagas and poems, Irish tales, and French history, the Olafssons and Haraldssons took part in the last successful Scandinavian invasion of Britain and the overthrow of the last Old English kingdom, even as they allied with, fought against, and married their Irish neighbors.
Though the families had come to these lands as conquerors, they soon learned the importance of cooperating with those they had vanquished. Even as they worshipped pagan gods, the Olafssons and Haraldssons both became important benefactors to the Christian church. They also played a crucial role in the economic revival of northern Europe as trading ships from their ports sailed throughout the Atlantic and the goods they produced traveled as far west as Canada. Under their rule, the seas became a connector for a shared culture, commercially, artistically, and socially.
Challenging traditional views of the Vikings' culture, Benjamin Hudson shows the role that these two great dynasties played in the Second Viking age. The rise and transformation of the Olafssons and Haraldsssons from the tenth to the twelfth centuries highlights a period and people important for understanding the political, religious, and cultural development of Europe in the High Middle Ages.
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alliance ally Anglesey Anglo-Saxon Chronicle Annals of Ulster ap Cynan attack Battle of Clontarf bishop brother church circa claims Cnut Cnut's Cocad Gdedel Cogadh Gaedhel coins contemporary Danes death Diarmait mac Mael died Domnall Donnchad Dudo dynasty early Echmarcach Edgar eleventh century England English father fleet fought Gdedel re Gallaib Gerald of Wales Godred Crovan Gruffudd ap Cynan Gruffudd ap Llywelyn Harald Hebrides high king History Ireland Ireland and Britain Irish Sea island Isles Ivar Kingdom kingship Lagmann land Lanfranc Leinster Liffey lordship Mael Sechnaill Magnus's Malcolm Manx Chronicle medieval merchants Muirchertach Munster Murchad named Normandy Normans northern Northumbria Norway Norwegian Olaf Cuaran Olaf's Olafssons and Haraldssons Old Norse Orkneyinga Saga Orkneys Patrick poem Ragnall raids reign sailed Scandinavian Scotland Scots Scottish ships Sigurd Sitric Silkenbeard slain Svein Tairdelbach tenth century town trade troops twelfth century Ua Briain Ui Neill verses Viking colonists Viking Dublin Welsh William
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