Carthage in Virgil's Aeneid: Staging the Enemy under Augustus
Founded upon more than a century of civil bloodshed, the first imperial regime of ancient Rome, the Principate of Caesar Augustus, looked at Rome's distant and glorious past in order to justify and promote its existence under the disguise of a restoration of the old Republic. In doing so, it used and revisited the history and myth of Rome's major success against external enemies: the wars against Carthage. This book explores the ideological use of Carthage in the most authoritative of the Augustan literary texts, the Aeneid of Virgil. It analyses the ideological portrait of Carthaginians from the middle Republic and the truth-twisting involved in writing about the Punic Wars under the Principate. It also investigates the mirroring between Carthage and Rome in a poem whose primary concern was rather the traumatic memory of Civil War and the subsequent subversion of Rome's Republican institutions through the establishment of Augustus' Principate.
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Aeneas and Dido Aeneid Aeschylus allegory allusions already Apollonius atque Augustan age Augustan literature Augustus barbarians Barchiesi Bellum Punicum Book Caesar Carthage Carthage episode Carthage's Carthaginians Chapter Civil Wars Cleopatra conflict connection cultural destruction of Carthage Dido's dream Ebro ecphrasis emphasises enemy Ennius epic Epod especially Euripides Fama famous Feeney fifth-century Athenian fortuna fragment Gigantomachy Gildenhard Giusti Greek Gruen Hannibal Hannibal's Hannibalic War Hardie Hellenistic historiography Homeric Horace's Ode ideology imagery interpretation Latin Levene literature Livy ludi Manuwald Medea mid-Republican middle Republic myth mythical Naevius narrative passage Persae Persian Wars Plautus play poem Poen Poenulus Pollio Polybius Punic Wars recognised reference Republican role Roman Rome Rome's Saguntum Schiesaro Scipio Second Punic Second Punic War seems Servius Danielis similar Sophoniba story temple Teucer themes tion tradition tragedy tragic Trojan Troy urbs Virgil and Livy Virgil's Aeneid Virgil's Carthage Walbank Xerxes