Arabs in History
`Whoever lives in our country, speaks our language, is brought up in our culture and takes pride in our glory is one of us.' Thus ran a declaration of modern leaders of Arab states. But what exactly is an Arab, and what has been their place in the course of human history? In this well-established classic, Professor Lewis examines the key issues of Arab development - their identity, the national revival which cemented the creation of the Islamic state, and the social and economic pressures that destroyed the Arab kingdom and created the Islamic empire. He analyses the forces which contributed to that empire's eventual decline, and the effects of growing Western influence. Today, with the Arab world facing profound social and political challenges, it constitutes an essential introduction to the Arabs and their history.
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1 Arabia Before Islam
2 Muhammad and the Rise of Islam
3 The Age of the Conquests
4 The Arab Kingdom
5 The Islamic Empire
6 The Revolt of Islam
7 The Arabs in Europe
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Abbasid Arab world Arabic-speaking army Baghdad Basra Bedouin Berber brought Buwayhids Byzantine Cairo Caliph capital capture Carmathian central centre Christian civilization conﬂict conquered conquest countries Crusaders culture death defeat desert developed Dhimmis difﬁculties dominant dynasty eastern economic Egypt Egyptian established Europe European Fatimid Fertile Crescent ﬁgures ﬁnal ﬁnally ﬁnd ﬁrst ﬂeets ﬂourishing forces Greek Hasan-i Sabbah Hijaz historians important independent inﬂuence invaders Iran Iranian Iraq Islamic Empire Isma'ili Jews Kharijite Khurasan kingdom Kufa land language later Mamluk Mawali Mecca Medina Medinese merchants Middle East military Mongol movement Mu'awiya Muhammad Muslim nomads North Africa ofﬁcials organized Ottoman Palestine peninsula period Persian political population pre-Islamic Prophet provinces Qur’an Quraysh regime religion religious remained revolt rule rulers Sasanid sect Seljuq signiﬁcant slaves social southern Arabia Spain Sultan Syria tenth century tion trade tradition tribal tribes Turkish Umar Umayyad Uthman victory West Western Yemen