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abolition act Africans allowed amelioration apprentices apprenticeship system attempted authority Bahama Islands Balfour to Stanley bill British classes Cockburn to Glenelg Cockburn to Russell Colebrooke to Aberdeen Colebrooke to Glenelg Colonial Department colonists condition conduct Council Crown despatch disposed dissenters duties election Eleuthera emancipation employers established church Executive Exuma favorable flogging Francis Cockburn Governor Smyth grant home government House of Assembly inhabitants instruction labor lands latter legislation legislature Lieutenant-Governor Lord Glenelg Lucayan magistrates manumission master measures ment Ministry mLoc mother country Nassau negroes Nesbitt Order-in-council Out-islands owners Parliament passed persons petition praedials prorogation punishment question quit rents registration regulations removal revenues Rum Cay salary schools Secretary secure sent Sess session settlements Sir James Smyth slave code slaveholders slavery Smyth's Ds special justices statute Turks Islands vessels vote Watlings Island West Indian William William IV
Page 434 - Crop failures, and the uncertainty as to the tenure of the lands which they held, were additional reasons for apprehension on the part of the Bahama slaveholders. Furthermore, the expense that would inevitably attend such an establishment in this Colony would be out of all proportion to the benefits to be derived from it. The slave population, here numbering 10,808, according to the registration of 1822, was distributed over seventeen islands and groups of islands, which extended over a distance...
Page 460 - West-India interests, and that this measure will be so framed as to take effect upon the produce of the crown colonies as a matter of course, and upon that of those only of the other colonies in which the provisions, in their precise terms, and in their entire extent, of his Majesty's order in council of the 2nd ult, for improving the condition of the slaves in British Guiana, Trinidad, St.
Page 444 - Masters, or, in their absence, their Overseers, shall, as much as in them lies, endeavour to instruct their Slaves in the Christian Religion ; and shall do their endeavour to fit them for baptism, and as soon as conveniently may be, shall cause to be baptized all such Slaves, as they can make sensible of a Deity and of the Christian faith.
Page 423 - ... commissioners of correspondence informed of the progress of this dangerous movement. Believing that a total destruction of the slave property of the British West Indian colonies had been determined upon, regardless of the rights and interests of those concerned, the House decided upon an appeal to Parliament.* A committee set to work to inform the House of the progress of the movement for registration. It described the African Institution as a society " having no connection with, or interest...
Page 443 - 45 Geo. Ill, 20, and 7 Geo. IV, 7. From the state of opinion it is not probable that a strict application of this provision occurred in many cases. M4 Geo. IV, 6. all in the courts, or it received so little recognition that, as long as the state of things existed, a slave could not secure a hearing before them, if the cause were to the prejudice of a white person. It was out of the question for them to exercise any control in the courts, and they were allowed little opportunity to furnish the evidence...
Page 418 - To every head of a family, forty acres, and to every white or black man, woman or child in a family, twenty acres, at an annual quit rent of 2s. per hundred acres. Hut in the case of the Loyalist refugees from the continent such lands were to be delivered free of charges, and were to be exempted from the burden of the quit rents for ten years from the date of making the grants.
Page 459 - ... blacks of New Providence petitioned the King to retain Sir James Smyth as their Governor. There was a like petition of the whites of the same island. See acknowledgment of these in Ds.. S. St., 1831, No. 32. In his despatch, No. 133, the Governor wrote that many of the ignorant whites at Abaco and elsewhere signed the petitions against him, because they were under the influence of the store keepers on Bay Street at Nassau.
Page 449 - The most common form of punishment for petty offenses was whipping. This must have been inflicted at the nod of the owner in the time before the amelioration was begun. There seems to have been no restriction as to the number of lashes that could be inflicted, until the statute of 1824. At that time a limitation was fixed which was retained in the later code. No more than thirty-nine lashes were to be laid on in one day, and no further punishia 4 Geo.
Page 465 - Smyth's Ds., No. 194. The Chief Justice in a meeting of the Council remarked that it was useless to have the Council sign the warrants for the quarterly payments from the treasury, as its consent was not necessary. The Governor merely replied that he was doing it that way because he had been instructed to do so. The legal method was for warrants to be signed in the presence of the Council. Loc. cit. '" Smyth's Ds., No. 200. He at once applied to the home government for a ratification of his conduct.
Page 539 - Perhaps the secret of the Governor's dissatisfaction with the conduct of this school was that the teaching of the catechism was left out in its courses, and that the rules governing it were calculated to meet the wishes of the sectarians.**' Before 1835 the Assembly had almost absolutely refused to provide for negro education out of the funds at its disposal. In that year an Assembly had been secured which was in a working mood and which was possessed with a disposition to benefit the freedmen. At...