Loan Verbs in Maltese: A Descriptive and Comparative Study
Severed from its parent language and from the other vernaculars, as well as from the Islamic culture and religion, the peripheral Arabic dialect of Malta has for the last nine centuries been exposed to large-scale contact with Medieval Sicilian, Italian and, later, English. Modern Maltese thus incorporates a great mass of borrowed words.
This volume is a description of the processes by which Romance and English loan verbs have been integrated to varying degrees into the Arabic structure of Maltese morphology. It also proposes a typological classification of borrowed verbs in a continuum ranging from fully-integrated types to practically 'undigested' loans.
The contact situation described here is of special interest both to Arabists and to scholars with an interest in language contact phenomena, especially in view of the basic incongruence between the languages involved, the long period of contact, and the small area in which it occurred.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
Full integration to Semitic Maltese sound verbs
Full integration to Semitic Maltese weakfinal
Undigested Romance stems with a weakfinal
The integration of undigested English stems
Conclusions and findings
adjectives Alexander Borg allomorphic apheresis Aq.D Aquilina Arabic base-form basic borrowed Category CCC verbs cognate conjugation consonant Cv-Cv dialects display e.g. SM ending English examples feature foreign grammar harking back historical Imper Impf important infix infix iSs initial gemination Italian Italo-Romance language lexemes lexical linguistic loan stems loan verbs loan words Malta Maltese language morpheme n.ag nominal normally Note O.Ar occur origin paroxytone Passive Participle Perf phonetic phonological plural prefix Pres proparoxytone quadriliteral radical radical consonant reflexes related stem RM loan RM verbs Rohlfs Romance Maltese root-base semantic Semitic Maltese Serr SM CCC SM pattern sound verbs stem-base stem-extension l-y-l stress shift suffix syllabic syllabic pattern synchronically Table tion Type C verb Vanhove variant Vass verb classes verbal forms Verbal Noun verbal stems verbal themes verbs e.g. verbs of Type vowel weak-final verbs