Medieval Philosophy

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PIMS, 1982 - History - 455 pages
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Contents

St Augustine
3
Boethius
22
John Scotus Erigena
35
St Anselm
47
Peter Abelard
59
The School of Chartres
71
The Coming of the Schoolmen
86
Arabian and Jewish Philosophy
93
Latin Averroism
192
The Reaction to Thomism
208
John Duns Scotus
220
The Modern
243
William of Ockham and FourteenthCentury
265
Master Eckhart and Speculative Mysticism
292
Nicholas of Cusa
310
Marsilio Ficino and Pietro Pomponazzi
327

Early Philosophy at Paris and Oxford
110
The Age of the Schoolmen
127
St Bonaventure
137
St Albert the Great
153
St Thomas Aquinas
163
Renaissance Scholasticism Francis Suarez
347
CONCLUSION
373
Abbreviations
380
Addenda
427
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About the author (1982)

Born in Paris, Etienne Gilson was educated at the University of Paris. He became professor of medieval philosophy at the Sorbonne in 1921, and in 1932 was appointed to the chair in medieval philosophy at the College de France. In 1929 he cooperated with the members of the Congregation of Priests of St. Basil, in Toronto, Canada, to found the Pontifical Institute of Medieval Studies in association with St. Michael's College at the University of Toronto. Gilson served as professor and director of studies at the institute. Like his fellow countryman Jacques Maritain, Etienne Gilson was a neo-Thomist for whom Christian revelation is an indispensable auxiliary to reason, and on faith he accepted Christian doctrine as advocated by the Roman Catholic church. At the same time, like St. Thomas Aquinas, he accorded reason a wide compass of operation, maintaining that it could demonstrate the existence of God and the necessity of revelation, with which he considered it compatible. Why anything exists is a question that science cannot answer and may even deem senseless. Gilson found the answer to be that "each and every particular existing thing depends for its existence on a pure Act of existence." God is the supreme Act of existing. An authority on the Christian philosophy of the Middle Ages, Gilson lectured widely on theology, art, the history of ideas, and the medieval world.

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