A Survey of Human Progress: From the Savage State to the Highest Civilization Yet Attained ...

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Longman, Green, Longman and Roberts, 1861 - Civilization - 188 pages
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Page 146 - One man draws out the wire, another straights it, a third cuts it, a fourth points it, a fifth grinds it at the top for receiving the head; to make the head requires two or three distinct operations; to put it on is a peculiar business, to whiten the pins is another ; it is even a trade by itself to put them into the paper ; and the important business of making a pin is, in this manner, divided into about eighteen distinct operations, which, in some manufactories, are all performed by distinct hands,...
Page 176 - SINCERITY. Use no hurtful deceit; think innocently and justly, and, if you speak, speak accordingly. 8. JUSTICE. Wrong none by doing injuries, or omitting the benefits that are your duty.
Page 146 - ... could scarce, perhaps, with his utmost industry, make one pin in a day, and certainly could not make twenty. But in the way in which this business is now carried on, not only the whole work is a peculiar trade, but it is divided into a number of branches, of which the greater pan are likewise peculiar trades.
Page 132 - Low, and of Jemmy Button, it is certainly true that when pressed in winter by hunger they kill and devour their old women before they kill their dogs. The boy being asked by Mr. Low why they did this, answered. " Doggies catch otters, old women no.
Page 147 - But if they had all wrought separately and independently, and without any of them having been educated to this peculiar business, they certainly could not each of them have made twenty, perhaps not one pin in a day ; that is, certainly, not the two hundred and fortieth, perhaps not the four thousand eight hundredth, part of what they are at present capable of performing, in consequence of a proper division and combination of their different operations.
Page 177 - ... that promotes the convenience of life, to a perfection which our ancestors would have thought magical ; have produced a literature which may boast of works not inferior to the noblest which Greece has bequeathed to us ; have discovered the laws which regulate the motions of the heavenly bodies ; have speculated with exquisite subtilty on the operations of the human mind ; have been the acknowledged leaders of the human race in the career of political improvement.
Page 177 - We see the most debasing and cruel superstition exercising boundless dominion over the most elevated and benevolent minds. We see the multitude sunk in brutal ignorance, and the studious few engaged in acquiring what did not deserve the name of knowledge. In the course of seven centuries, the wretched and degraded race have become the greatest and most highly civilized people that ever the world saw...
Page 184 - Let honesty be as the breath of thy soul, and never forget to have a. penny, when all thy expenses are enumerated and paid ; then shall thou reach the point of happiness, and independence shall be thy shield and buckler, thy helmet and crown ; then shall thy soul walk upright, nor stoop to the silken wretch because he hath riches, nor pocket an abuse because the hand which offers it wears a ring set with diamonds.
Page 146 - To take an example, therefore, from a very trifling manufacture, but one in which the division of labour has been very often taken notice of, the trade of the pin-maker; a workman not educated to this business (which the division of labour has rendered a distinct trade), nor acquainted with the use of the machinery employed in it (to the invention of which the same division of labour has probably given occasion), could scarce perhaps with his utmost industry make one pin in a day, and certainly could...
Page 131 - In another harbour not far distant, a woman, who was suckling a recently-born child, came one day alongside the vessel, and remained there out of mere curiosity, whilst the sleet fell and thawed on her naked bosom, and on the skin of her naked baby...

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