Reproducing Athens: Menander's Comedy, Democratic Culture, and the Hellenistic City

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Princeton University Press, Jan 10, 2009 - Performing Arts - 320 pages
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Reproducing Athens examines the role of romantic comedy, particularly the plays of Menander, in defending democratic culture and transnational polis culture against various threats during the initial and most fraught period of the Hellenistic Era.


Menander's romantic comedies--which focus on ordinary citizens who marry for love--are most often thought of as entertainments devoid of political content. Against the view, Susan Lape argues that Menander's comedies are explicitly political. His nationalistic comedies regularly conclude by performing the laws of democratic citizen marriage, thereby promising the generation of new citizens. His transnational comedies, on the other hand, defend polis life against the impinging Hellenistic kingdoms, either by transforming their representatives into proper citizen-husbands or by rendering them ridiculous, romantic losers who pose no real threat to citizen or city.


In elaborating the political work of romantic comedy, this book also demonstrates the importance of gender, kinship, and sexuality to the making of democratic civic ideology. Paradoxically, by championing democratic culture against various Hellenistic outsiders, comedy often resists the internal status and gender boundaries on which democratic culture was based. Comedy's ability to reproduce democratic culture in scandalous fashion exposes the logic of civic inclusion produced by the contradictions in Athens's desperately politicized gender system.


Combining careful textual analysis with an understanding of the context in which Menander wrote, Reproducing Athens profoundly changes the way we read his plays and deepens our understanding of Athenian democratic culture.

 

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Contents

Democracy and Comedy in the Early Hellenistic Period
1
2 Reproducing Democracy in Oligarchic and Autocratic Athens
40
3 Making Citizens in Comedy and Court
68
4 The Ethics of Democracy in Menanders Dyskolos
110
The Case of Menanders Samia
137
Gender and Civic Education in the Perikeiromen275 and Misoumenos
171
7 Trials of Masculinity in Democratic Discourse and Menanders Siky333nioi
202
Inevitable Reproduction?
243
Bibliography
255
Acknowledgments
279
Index Locorum
281
General Index
287
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Page 10 - Althusser's definition of ideology as a representation of the imaginary relationship of individuals to their real conditions of existence...
Page 12 - Many sufferings were being visited upon the city; every citizen had felt misfortune at its worst; but the sight which would most surely have stirred the onlooker and moved him to tears over the sorrows of Athens was to see the people vote that slaves should be released, that aliens should become Athenians and the disenfranchised regain their rights...

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About the author (2009)

Susan Lape is Assistant Professor of Classics at the University of California, Irvine.

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