European Football in Black and White: Tackling Racism in Football
European Football is Black and White offers an engaging interpretation of a disturbing phenomenon in Europe's favorite sport: football violence fueled by racism. While many fans across Europe have used football to further destructive, ethnocentric agendas, there are also Europe-wide initiatives in the football stadium to combat the almost endemic problem. Christos Kassimeris analyses political ideologies that have influenced football supporters, drawing attention to the increasing politicization of football and the footballization of politics. He also considers the contributions of nationalism, social class, and media coverage before assessing attempts by various groups, from the Football Against Racism in Europe (FARE) network to the European Union itself, to rectify the problem. Ultimately, football needs to be dissociated from both racism and politics for the sport to flourish. Unlike more traditional attempts to explain the football violence and racism, this book seeks to establish a Europe-wide as well as national explanatory framework for this racism from a political perspective. This study will draw the interest not only of scholars across the Humanities and Social Sciences, but also of ordinary football supporters.
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21 October Action Week activities anti-racism anti-racism campaigns anti-racist anti-Semitism Asian Athletic Bilbao background ball banners black players club’s coaches combat racism competition Council of Europe countries cultural Division ECRI England English Football Association ethnic minority ethnic minority communities ethnic minority groups European football European Union extreme right groups F.A. Premier League FARE fascist ﬁeld FIFA ﬁght ﬁrst ﬁve football clubs football governing bodies football grounds Football League football matches football players football tournament football’s foreign players France Germany immigrants integration Ireland issue Italian Italy Jewish Kick Leeds United legislation LICRA migrants multicultural national football associations national team offences Ofﬁce ofﬁcial organise participation parties percent play political popular game Premier League promote racial abuse racial discrimination Racial Equality racism in football racist chanting racist incidents Real Madrid Red Card reﬂected Scottish season signiﬁcant social Spain sport tion UEFA Ultra World Cup xenophobia xenophobic