Bouncers: Violence and Governance in the Night-time Economy

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Oxford University Press, 2003 - Law - 323 pages
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In recent years, the expansion of night-time leisure has emerged as a key indicator of post-industrial urban prosperity, attracting investment, creating employment, and re-generating the built environment.These leisure economies are youth-dominated, focusing upon the sale and consumption of alcohol. Unprecedented numbers of young people now flock to town centres that are crammed with bars, pubs, and clubs, and the resulting violent disorder has over run police resources that remain geared to thedrinking patterns and alcohol cultures of previous generations. Post-industrial re-structuring has spawned an increasingly complex mass of night-time leisure options through which numerous licit and illicit commercial opportunities flow. Yet, regardless of the fashionable and romantic notions of many contemporary urban theorists, it is alcohol, massintoxication, and profit rather than 'cultural regeneration,' which lies at the heart of this rapidly expanding dimension of post-industrial urbanism.Private security in the bulky form of bouncers fills the void left by the public police. These men (only 7% are women), whose activities are barely regulated by the State, are dominated by a powerful subculture rooted in routine violence and intimidation.Using ethnography, participant observation, and extensive interviews with all the main players, this controversial book charts the emergence of the bouncer as one of the most graphic symbols in the iconography of post-industrial Britain.
 

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Contents

Class Violence and I imin it Business
7
1ntroduction
13
A Case Study of Manchester
51
From Cotton to Carlsberg
71
Urban exotica
81
Four Decades On The Door
109
Bouncers On Their Work
119
Licensing Door Supervisors
165
The Marketization of License and Control
245
A Conclusion
269
References
281
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About the author (2003)


Dick Hobbs is Professor of Sociology at the University of Durham. He has published widely on various aspects of criminal cultures, policing, research methods, professional and organised crime, and the night-time economy. He has published edited collections of papers on ethnographic research, and professional crime, and his two single authored books (both published with OUP) are Doing the Business (1988) which won the Abrams Prize, and Bad Business (1995). He was, with Steve Hall, the co-grant holder for the ESRC "Bouncers" project Philip Hadfield is currently an ESRC funded postgraduate student at the University of Durham. He recently graduated from the Universities of Keele and Cambridge, has published widely on regulatory and licensing aspects of the night-time economy and works part time as a DJ. Stuart Lister is a Research Fellow at the University of Leeds. He is a member of the Home office Alcohol and Crime Steering Group, and has published on various aspects of the night-time economy with particular reference to policing, regulation, and training. Simon Winlow is Senior Lecturer in Criminology at the University of Teesside. He gained his Ph.D. from Durham University in 1999 and has published on crime, masculinities, research methods and various aspects of the night-time economy. His first book, Badfellas, (Berg 2001)an ethnography based upon his Ph.D.

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