Syntactic Effects of Conjunctivist Semantics: Unifying Movement and Adjunction
This book explores the syntactic and semantic properties of movement and adjunction in natural language. A precise formulation of minimalist syntax is proposed, guided by an independently motivated hypothesis about the composition of neo-Davidsonian logical forms, in which there is no atomic movement operation and no atomic adjunction operation. The terms 'movement' and 'adjunction' serve only as convenient labels for certain combinations of other, primitive operations, and as a result the system derives non-trivial predictions about how movement and adjunction should interact; in particular, it yields natural explanatory accounts of the constituency of adjunction structures, the possibility of counter-cyclic attachment, and the prohibitions on extraction from adjoined domains (adjunct islands) and from moved domains (freezing effects). This work serves as a case study in deriving explanations for syntactic patterns from a restrictive theory of semantic composition, and in using an explicit grammatical framework to inform rigourous minimalist theorising.
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2-subordinate adjoined adjunct island adverb apply assignment assumption boil it loudly Brutus stabbed Caesar c-command categorial grammar Chapter Chomsky complement configurations Conjunctivist constraint counter-cyclic adjunction discussed distinction e-mrg encoded event predicate event variable existential closure expression ext(b f feature Figure 12 Figure 17 formula freezing effects function application generalisations head i-mrg idea inserted int(c int7(emperor interpretation intuition John saw lexical item lexical meaning logical forms maximal projection merge MG formalism minimalist minimalist syntax moved constituents neo-Davidsonian notation operation past & stabbing phonological proposal quantifier-raising quantifiers re-merge reduced representations relative clause relevant remnant movement result RTVs semantic composition sentence sentential logical set component shown in Figure spellout stab Caesar violently stabbed every emperor Stabbee(e stabbing & int(x7 structure syntactic syntax thematic relations tion TP phase tree structure Uriagereka Val(X values verb VP phase wh feature wh-movement