Newer Ideals of Peace: The Moral Substitutes for War

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Anza Publishing, 2005 - Political Science - 168 pages
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Jane Addams was an important reformer whose work for peace, social justice and prosperity won her the Nobel Prize. She is most well-known for establishing in 1889 a reform residence called Hull House, located on the West Side of Chicago. She also supported the movement for women's suffrage and was instrumental in the founding of several key peace organizations. Her activism has become legendary, but she also wrote eleven books. Newer Ideals of Peace is perhaps her most important written work, now finally back in print in a new edition. Although originally published in 1907, it still is astonishingly relevant to our own time. In this book, Addams presents in a compelling and concise format, the problems that America faces in the interaction between industrialism, militarism and patriotism. She also discusses the dynamics of ethnicity and race, especially in an urban context. Moreover, she provides sober, realistic solutions to these difficulties. Anyone who reads her own words will understand, that she was never a doctrinaire or revolutionary socialist. Her form of social concern is based solidly on Christian ethics. She tried to advocate a harmonious balance of both individualism and social obligation, obtaining her inspiration from morally centered ideologies, such as found in John Bascoms Wisconsin Idea, rather than from the radical politics of Marxism. Addams reputation is restored to its rightful place by the reissue of this profound and far-seeing work. Newer Ideals of Peace undoubtedly will enlighten a whole new generation about the limitations and failures of modern government.
  

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Contents

Introduction
1
Survivals of Militarism in City Government
18
Failure to Utilize Immigrants in City Government
37
Militarism and Industrial Legislation
56
Group Morality in the Labor Movement
75
Protection of Children for Industrial Efficiency
92
Utilization of Women in City Government
110
Passing of the War Virtues
128
Notes
147
Index
149
Copyright

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About the author (2005)

Jane Addams was born Laura Jane Addams in Cedarville, Illinois, on September 6, 1860. She graduated from Rockford Female Seminary with the hope of attending medical school. Her father opposed her unconventional ambition and, in an attempt to redirect it, sent her to Europe. In London, Addams was moved by the work done at Toynbee Hall, a settlement house. Upon her return to the United States, she began her lifelong fight for the underprivileged, women, children laborers, and social reform. In the space of four years she received Yale University's first honorary doctorate awarded to a woman, published her first book, was the first woman president of the National Conference of Charities and Corrections, and was elected vice president of the National American Women Suffrage Association. In 1915 she became the first president of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom. With Ellen G. Starr, Addams founded Hull House in Chicago, a renowned settlement house dedicated to serving the disadvantaged and the poor. Addams went on to author twelve books, including Twenty Years in Hull House, Newer Ideals of Peace, and Peace and Bread in Time of War. The latter title was written to protest the U.S.'s involvement in World War I and was based on Addams's experience assisting Herbert Hoover in sending relief supplies to women and children in enemy nations. Hospitalized following a heart attack in 1926, Addams could not accept in person the Nobel Peace Prize she was awarded in 1931. She was the first American woman to receive the honor. Addams died in 1935.