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12 fathoms 20 fathoms 9 fathoms abreast Achen anchor anchorage appears approached Banca bank Batavia betwixt boats bottom bound breakers cables called Canton River Cape channel China chronometers coast coral Dampier Strait dangerous depths direction distant East side eastern easternmost eastward edge entrance extends extremity fathoms close fathoms water formed half a mile harbour high island high water Hill inside Island bearing isles islets keep land leagues lies low water mid-channel Middle Island miles wide monsoon N.E. point nearly North end North Island North side northern northernmost northward pass Passage Island patch peak Pedra Branca Pitt Passage Pulo reef projects river rocks rocky round safe sail sand sandy seen shelter shoal small island small isles soundings South end South point South side south-eastward southerly southern southward steep steer Strait Sumatra Tanjong tide Tree Island vessels Water Island weather West side westerly western westward wind
Page iii - They that go down to the sea in ships, that do business in great waters ; These see the works of the Lord, and his wonders in the deep.
Page 507 - It is pretty free from dangers at the mouth, and good holding ground will be found in depths between 10 and 20 fathoms. Within the former depth it suddenly shoals, and several lines of coral ledge bar the inner depths of the bay from direct access, although excellent shelter would be found by a vessel moored between these barriers to which they might easily be conducted. At the village a brisk rivulet supplies most excellent water, but boats can not fill except at high water.
Page 444 - N., and long. 122° 2'-5 E. It is an island separated from the main by a channel varying from one mile to one mile and three-quarters wide. It is 738 feet high, and nearly divided into two parts, the connection being a low shingly isthmus. Four miles to the southward of Cape Montague, and nearly attached to the main, is a small islet with a reef off its eastern point. Twelve miles SSW of Cape Montague is Leaming, forming the northern and eastern points of Sanmoon bay, having a rock off its south-western...
Page 440 - E. There are four small islets close to it, which protect the anchorage off the southwest end of the island from the easterly swell. Vessels should not anchor under these islands unless from necessity, as they have so much better anchorage either to the northward or southward of them. Fresh- water may be. obtained. There is an extensive fishing establishment on the island. West, 11 miles from Pihke shan, is another group, of one large and four smaller islands. The largest is called Tungpwan shan...
Page 432 - E.; it is distant from the nearest or south-east point of Haetan four miles; it has two small islets in its neighbourhood. The channel between it and Haetan is safe. Under the eastern point there were several large junks seen at anchor, and a considerable village. • Unless this anchorage gives good shelter, there is no bay on the eastern coast of Haetan that vessels ought to enter, as they are strewed with rocks and shoals.
Page 425 - Kulang seu bears to the southward of east, she will avoid the mud bank and rocks running off that island, and may choose her berth off the city. The channel round the island of Amoy is so narrow and winding that directions would be useless; the chart is the best guide. Besides the excellent shelter that this harbour affords, the Chinese have docks for building and repairing their largest junks. Fresh water and supplies of every description may also be had of the best quality and cheap.
Page 445 - Tungmun, and it the best of the three. At the entrance to it is a small flat island, with a reef of rocks extending easterly ; pass to the north-eastward of this island, as there is a reef to the westward between it and the main. The town is situated on the main, forming the north boundary of the harbour; it is walled, but the walls are in a most dilapidated state.
Page 440 - I' consists of one large and fourteen smaller islands; the large island is 737 feet above the sea, and has a good harbor on its southeastern side in the northeast monsoon, where there is a good watering place. The eastern horn of the harbor is in lat. 27° 26.'3 N., and long. 121° 6.'6 E. Vessels should not pass between the islets which form the southwest part of the group, as there are many reefs which cover at high water. The westernmost island makes like a cone, and has reefs to the northward....
Page 7 - Point, a mile in extent to the south. Some of the rocks are above water at half ebb. There is a red buoy placed on the southern entrance, in about 9 fathoms, which, with attention, may be seen in a clear night without the moon ; and, after bringing Mosque Point to bear NW by N. to NW, the ship should anchor.
Page 434 - IA mile northeast from the eastern island is a rock on which the sea generally breaks. Anchorage for ships of any draught may be had under the western island in the northeast monsoon. A reef of rocks running off from the western extreme of this island, forming a natural breakwater, affords good shelter close under them for vessels under 18 feet draught : — here whole fleets of Chinese junks anchor during foul weather. As the water decreases gradually towards the island, large ships may approach...