The Rigveda: 3-Volume Set
Oxford University Press, Apr 23, 2014 - History - 1728 pages
The Rigveda is the oldest Sanskrit text, consisting of over one thousand hymns dedicated to various divinities of the Vedic tradition. Orally composed and orally transmitted for several millennia, the hymns display remarkable poetic complexity and religious sophistication. As the culmination of the long tradition of Indo-Iranian oral-formulaic praise poetry and the first monument of specifically Indian religiosity and literature, the Rigveda is crucial to the understanding both of Indo-European and Indo-Iranian cultural prehistory and of later Indian religious history and high literature. This new translation represents the first complete scholarly translation into English in over a century and utilizes the results of the intense research of the last century on the language and the ritual system of the text. The focus of this translation is on the poetic techniques and structures utilized by the bards and on the ways that the poetry intersects with and dynamically expresses the ritual underpinnings of the text.
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Aditi Ādityas Agastya Agni Agni’s Aṅgirases Anukramaṇī anuṣṭubh Ārya Aryaman Aśvins Ātreya Atri battle Bhaga Bharadvāja birth bounteous Brhaspati bring bull bullish chant chariot clans convey cows Dasyus Dawn deeds divine drink exhilaration fallow bays fame final verse gāyatrī Geldner ghee gifts give gods Grtsamada Heaven and Earth heroes honey horses Hotar hymn immortal Indra Indra and Agni insight inspired poets invoke jagatī Jātavedas journey kindled king Kutsa last verse lofty lord mace Maṇḍala Manu Maruts meter milk Mitra and Varuṇa mortal myth Nāsatyas oblations offering pāda patrons poet poet’s poetic praise praise song pressed soma priests prize Pūṣan Rbhus recited reference refreshment Rgveda Rgvedic rite ritual fire ritual grass rivers Rudra sacred formulation sacrifice Savitar seeking singer smashed soma-pressing songs speech śrauta theme trcas triṣṭubh truth Tvaṣṭar Vaiśvānara Vala Vasiṣṭha Maitrāvaruṇi Vāyu Vedic Viṣṇu Viśvāmitra Vrtra waters wealth wondrous word world-halves