Forests: Elements of Silvology
Silvology is the general science of forest ecosystems, without the usual division between Man and Nature. This systematic treatment of forests intends to integrate and harmonize existing approaches with the help of systems modeling in a hierarchy of close system levels, according to criteria of biological architecture, biomass production and species composition. Scientists and practitioners will appreciate this synoptic treatment of forests and their ecology, allowing the balance of holistic and reductionist viewpoints, and the placement of phenomena and techniques. Topics covered include: - introduction of the methods, - sections on "forest organisms," - a special chapter on trees, - "eco-units, " i.e. forest ecosystems developing after some zero-event like fire, storm or waterlogging, - "silvatic " "mosaics" built by the eco-units of different size, architecture and species composition, - a summary of silvological rules determining system's behaviour at every level, e.g. fragmentation and fusion, transfer of functions, irreversibility and process oscillation.
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Forest Components Summary
Forest Components Other Than Trees
Forest Ecosystems Summary
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abiotic aggradation phase analysis animals architecture beech biological biological type biomass biostasis biostatic biostatic phase biotic branches Briinig canopy chablis chemical compartments considered Cote d'lvoire crown cycle degradation diagram Douglas fir dynamics eco-unit eco-unit development ecological ecosystem ecuilibrium stage environment epiphytes European example factors Figure forest components forest eco-unit forest ecosystems forest mosaic forest types forestry fragmentation French Guyana fruits function fungi germination growth herbs hierarchy indicated innovation phase inputs insects interactions large eco-units layer leaf lianes linked litter living systems meristems monocots monocotyledonous mycorrhizae natural nutrients Oldeman organisms patterns phloem pioneer eco-units plants populations potential processes propagule bank Rauh's model regions reiteration rhizosphere root system sapstream savanna Sect seed seedlings shifting events shows shrubs Shugart silvatic mosaic silvicultural simulation small eco-units soil stand studies subsystems surface Table temperate tion transect tree species tropical rainforest trunk vegetation wood xylem zero-event