Hampton Roads 1862: Clash of the Ironclads
Osprey Publishing, 2002 - History - 96 pages
This Osprey title examnies the first naval conflict of the American Civil War (1861-1865). On 9 March 1862 the world's first battle between two ironclad warships took place in the confined waters of Hampton Roads, Virginia. The previous day the Confederate ironclad CSS Virginia, impervious to her enemy's guns, had sunk two Union warships. When she re-emerged from Norfolk to complete the destruction of the Union blockading squadron the USS Monitor steamed out to meet her. The four-hour duel that ensued was a stalemate, but crucially the Virginia had failed to break the Northern blockade of the Southern ports. Nevertheless, in a single battle these two vessels rendered wooden warships obsolete and transformed the face of naval warfare forever.
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BACKGROUND TO THE BATTLE
THE BATTLE OF HAMPTON ROADS
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9 March action AMERICAN CIVIL AMERICAN CIVIL WAR AMERICAN CML anchor armor attack Battle of Hampton Beaufort blockading squadron broadside Captain casemate ironclad Chesapeake Bay CIVIL WAR ARMIES commanded Commissioned Confederacy Confederate batteries Confederate ironclad Confederate Navy consorts Craney Island crew CSS Patrick Henry CSS Raleigh CSS Virginia Dahlgren smoothbores deck Elizabeth River enemy engines Ericsson Executive Officer fight Flag Officer Buchanan flotilla Fort Monroe Gassendi Greene gunport Hampton Roads Hensley iron James River Squadron John Lieutenant Jones Mallory Mariners Monroe morning Museum Navy Department Newport News Point Norfolk Navy Yard ordered ordnance Osprey pilot house plates port Porter Portsmouth protected Ramsay Richmond sailing Sewell's Point shell ship shot sloop smoothbore guns smoothbores starboard steam frigate USS stern tons Armament troops turret Unarmored Union batteries Union blockading Union fleet USS Congress USS Cumberland USS Merrimac USS Minnesota USS Monitor USS Roanoke vessel Wool wounded Zouave