The Philosophy of Scientific Experimentation
University of Pittsburgh Pre, Feb 1, 2003 - Science - 311 pages
Since the late 1980s, the neglect of experiment by philosophers and historians of science has been replaced by a keen interest in the subject. In this volume, a number of prominent philosophers of experiment directly address basic theoretical questions, develop existing philosophical accounts, and offer novel perspectives on the subject, rather than rely exclusively on historical cases of experimental practice.
Each essay examines one or more of six interconnected themes that run throughout the collection: the philosophical implications of actively and intentionally interfering with the material world while conducting experiments; issues of interpretation regarding causality; the link between science and technology; the role of theory in experimentation involving material and causal intervention; the impact of modeling and computer simulation on experimentation; and the philosophical implications of the design, operation, and use of scientific instruments.
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Thing Knowledge OUTLINE OF A MATERIALIST THEORY OF KNOWLEDGE
Physics Experiments and the Concept of Nature
Experimentation Causal Inference and Instrumental Realism
Technology as Basis and Object of Experimental Practices
TheoryLadenness and Scientific Instruments in Experimentation
Technology and Theory in Experimental Science
The Idols of Experiment TRANSCENDING THE ETC LIST
Models Simulation and Computer Experiments
Experiments without Material Intervention MODEL EXPERIMENTS VIRTUAL EXPERIMENTS AND VIRTUALLY EXPERIMENTS
Designing Instruments and the Design of Nature
Varying the Cognitive Span EXPERIMENTATION VISUALIZATION AND COMPUTATION