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Annual Report anthracite coal Austria-Hungary average number bituminous coal breadwinners Bureau of Labor Census cent clothing coal mines comparative congestion decline decrease demand for labor Diagram displacement districts earnings Eastern Europe Eastern Europeans economic effect emigration employees employment English-speaking fact factories farmers figures foreign German gration higher houses Ibid immi immigrant labor immigrants from Southern Immigration Commission increase Industrial Commission Ireland Irish iron and steel Italian Jenks and Lauck machinery male manufacturing Massachusetts ment mills miners native American native parentage native white number of immigrants occupations old immigration operatives Pennsylvania percentage of foreign-born period population proportion races racial rate of wages ratio of unemployment recent immigrants rent skilled mechanics Slav Southern and Eastern standard of living steel workers strike supply Sweden Table tenements tion total number trade trade-unionism unemployed unions United unskilled laborers West Virginia whereas workmen York City
Page 76 - In short, unless the stream of their importation could be turned from this to other colonies, as you very judiciously propose, they will soon so outnumber us, that all the advantages we have, will, in my opinion, be not able to preserve our language, and even our government will become precarious.
Page 76 - The signs in our streets have inscriptions in both languages, and in some places only German. They begin of late to make all their bonds and other legal instruments in their own language, which (though I think it ought not to be) are allowed good in our courts, where the German business so increases, that there is continued need of interpreters ; and I suppose in a few years they will also be necessary in the Assembly, to tell one half of our legislators what the other half say.
Page 63 - Society for the Prevention of Pauperism, in the city of New York, read and accepted, Feb.
Page 446 - State, to issue for the payment of labor, any order or other paper whatsoever, unless the same purports to be redeemable for its face value, In lawful money of the United States...
Page 107 - No part of the population of America is exclusively agricultural, excepting slaves and their employers who combine capital and labour in particular works. Free Americans, who cultivate the soil, follow many other occupations. Some portion of the furniture and tools which they use is commonly made by themselves. They frequently build their own houses, and carry to market, at whatever distance, the produce of their own industry. They are spinners and weavers; they make soap and candles, as well as,...
Page 221 - The American shrank from the industrial competition thus thrust upon him. He was unwilling himself to engage in the lowest kind of day labor with these new elements of the population ; he was even more unwilling to bring sons and daughters into the world to enter into that competition.
Page 332 - We ask them because under the present conditions of trade instruction and employment in this country the American boy has no rights which organized labor is bound to respect. He is denied instruction as an apprentice, and if he be taught his trade in a trade school, he is refused admission to nearly all the trade-unions, and is boycotted if he attempts to work as a non-union man.
Page 76 - I remember when they modestly declined intermeddling in our elections, but now they come in droves and carry all before them, except in one or two counties.