From Biped to Strider: The Emergence of Modern Human Walking, Running, and Resource Transport

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D. Jeffrey Meldrum, Charles E. Hilton
Springer Science & Business Media, Jun 27, 2011 - Social Science - 213 pages
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The inspiration for this volume of contributed papers stemmed from conversations between the editors in front of Chuck Hilton's poster on the determinants of hominid walking speed, presented at thel998 meetings of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists (AAPA). Earlier at those meetings, Jeff Meldrum (with Roshna Wunderlich) had presented an alternate interpretation of the Laetoli footprints based on evidence of midfoot flexibility. As the discussion ensued we found convergence on a number of ideas about the nature of the evolution of modem human walking. From the continuation of that dialogue grew the proposal for a symposium which we called From Biped to Strider: the Emergence of Modem Human Walking. The symposium was held as a session of the 69th annual meeting of the AAPA, held in San Antonio, Texas in 2000. It seemed to us that the study of human bipedalism had become overshadowed by theoften polarized debates over whether australo pithecines were wholly terrestrial in habit, or retained a significant degree of arboreality.
 

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Contents

Table of Contents
KnuckleWalking and the Origin of Human
DISCUSSION
CONCLUSIONS
WEIGHT TRANSFER
EXPERIMENTS
ETHNOLOGICAL CONTEXT
DISCUSSION
MATERIALS AND METHODS
RESULTS
REFERENCES
IMPLICATIONS OF THE RUNNINGFIGHTING DICHOTOMY
Age Sex and Resource Transport in Venezuelan
DISCUSSION
ARCHAEOLOGICAL CONTEXT
RESULTS

The Behavioral Ecology of Locomotion
DISCUSSION
Functional Interpretation of the Laetoli Footprints
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS
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