From Biped to Strider: The Emergence of Modern Human Walking, Running, and Resource Transport
D. Jeffrey Meldrum, Charles E. Hilton
Springer Science & Business Media, Jun 27, 2011 - Social Science - 213 pages
The inspiration for this volume of contributed papers stemmed from conversations between the editors in front of Chuck Hilton's poster on the determinants of hominid walking speed, presented at thel998 meetings of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists (AAPA). Earlier at those meetings, Jeff Meldrum (with Roshna Wunderlich) had presented an alternate interpretation of the Laetoli footprints based on evidence of midfoot flexibility. As the discussion ensued we found convergence on a number of ideas about the nature of the evolution of modem human walking. From the continuation of that dialogue grew the proposal for a symposium which we called From Biped to Strider: the Emergence of Modem Human Walking. The symposium was held as a session of the 69th annual meeting of the AAPA, held in San Antonio, Texas in 2000. It seemed to us that the study of human bipedalism had become overshadowed by theoften polarized debates over whether australo pithecines were wholly terrestrial in habit, or retained a significant degree of arboreality.
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KnuckleWalking and the Origin of Human
MATERIALS AND METHODS
IMPLICATIONS OF THE RUNNINGFIGHTING DICHOTOMY
Age Sex and Resource Transport in Venezuelan
The Behavioral Ecology of Locomotion
Functional Interpretation of the Laetoli Footprints
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS
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abduction adaptation African apes American Journal analysis anatomy ancestors apes and humans arboreal australopithecines Australopithecus afarensis axis behavior bending moments Biology biomechanical bipedal body mass body weight bones burden calcaneus Cavagna center of pressure chimpanzees configurations crural index Deloison differences distal distance dorsal dry season early hominids edited energetic energy ergaster Evolutionary females foot foraging trips forelimbs functional gait gorillas Hadar hallux Heglund hindlimbs hominids Homo Homo ergaster Huckell Human Evolution hunting increased indices individual joint area Journal of Human Journal of Physical Jungers knee knucklewalking Laetoli footprints lateral toes Latimer Leakey length limb loads locomotion locomotor Lovejoy malemale aggression males McHenry mechanical medial cuneiform metatarsal mobility modern humans morphology muscles Neandertal pattern Physical Anthropology plantar Pliocene primates proximal Pumé relatively robust Ruff Senut sexual dimorphism skeletal skeleton specialization for fighting species suggest Susman Tanzania terrestrial tibiae transport Trinkaus Tuttle vertical walking wet season Wolpoff