On the Nature of Limbs: A Discourse
The most prominent naturalist in Britain before Charles Darwin, Richard Owen made empirical discoveries and offered theoretical innovations that were crucial to the proof of evolution. Among his many lasting contributions to science was the first clear definition of the term homology—“the same organ in different animals under every variety of form and function.” He also graphically demonstrated that all vertebrate species were built on the same skeletal plan and devised the vertebrate archetype as a representation of the simplest common form of all vertebrates.
Just as Darwin’s ideas continue to propel the modern study of adaptation, so too will Owen’s contributions fuel the new interest in homology, organic form, and evolutionary developmental biology. His theory of the archetype and his views on species origins were first offered to the general public in On the Nature of Limbs, published in 1849. It reemerges here in a facsimile edition with introductory essays by prominent historians, philosophers, and practitioners from the modern evo-devo community.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
Preface by Brian K Hall
Richard Owen and Animal Form by Ron Amundson
The Pull of Opposing Forces in Victorian Cosmogony by Kevin Padian
The Mystery of Richard Owens Winged BullSlayer by Mary P Winsor and Jennifer Coggon
On the Nature of Limbs
adaptationism adaptationist adaptive force analogy anatomists animal arches Archetype Archetypes and Homologies Argument from Design atheism Austen Henry Layard Bedeutung biology bird body bones Bridgewater Treatises British Museum bull Chicago Press Coggon comparative anatomy concept conservative Conybeare’s correspond cranial vertebrae Cuvier Darwin Darwinian deﬁned Desmond divine embryogenesis embryological evo-devo evolution explain ﬁg ﬁgure ﬁns and limbs ﬁrst ﬁsh ﬁshes function Geoffroy Geoffroy’s Gideon Mantell homol homology human Hunterian Lectures ideal vertebra inﬂuence Layard London modiﬁed morphology Natural History natural theology naturalistic Nature of Limbs neo-Darwinian Nineveh Oken ontogeny organ Ospovat Owen’s Owen’s Archetype Owen’s view Padian Paleyites philosophy Platonic Quadrophenia reﬂecting Richard Owen Ron Amundson Rupke Science scientiﬁc secondary causes serial homology signiﬁcation skull species origins speciﬁc structural force structuralist teleological teleology tion tradition transcendental anatomy Unity of Type University of Chicago verte vertebral segment vertebral theory Vertebrate Archetype Vertebrate Skeleton Victorian wings Winsor