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20 Howard act of congress action admiralty admitted adopted affirmed alleged appears articles of confederation authority averment bill brought cause ceded cession charter circuit court citizens citizenship claim clause common law complainant confederation constitution contract court of equity creditors decided decision declaration decree deed defendant delivered the opinion demurrer district court domicile Dred Scott duty Emerson entitled equity established evidence execution exercise exist facts federal filed Fort Snelling grant held inhabitants judge judgment judicial jurisdiction jury Justice Curtis Justice McLean land legislation Leitensdorfer limits Louisiana master ment Missouri Myers & Company negro ordinance owner parties patent persons plaintiff in error plea in abatement pleadings possession principle privileges proceedings prohibited provision question record referred regulations residence respect river rule Sandford slave slavery sovereignty statute suit supreme court term territory tion treaty trial Union United vessel writ of error
Page 177 - The better to secure and perpetuate mutual friendship and intercourse among the people of the different States in this Union, the free inhabitants of each of these States, (paupers, vagabonds, and fugitives from justice excepted,) shall be entitled to all privileges and immunities of free citizens in the several States...
Page 194 - There shall be neither slavery nor involuntary servitude in the said territory otherwise than in the punishment of crimes, whereof the party shall have been duly convicted; Provided, always, That any person escaping into the same, from whom labor or service is lawfully claimed in any one of the original States, such fugitive may be lawfully reclaimed and conveyed to the person claiming his or her labor or service as aforesaid.
Page 363 - And no civil suit shall be brought before either of said courts against an inhabitant of the United States, by any original process in any other district than that whereof he is an inhabitant, or in which he shall be found at the time of serving the writ...
Page 103 - ... in all cases of taxation and internal polity subject only to the negative of their sovereign, in such manner as has been heretofore used and accustomed...
Page 440 - ... exclusive original cognizance of all civil causes of admiralty and maritime jurisdiction, including all seizures under laws of impost, navigation or trade of the United States, where the seizures are made on waters which are navigable from the sea by vessels of ten or more tons burden, within their respective districts, as well as upon the high seas...
Page 126 - The inhabitants of the ceded territory shall be incorporated in the Union of the United States, and admitted as soon as possible, according to the principles of the Federal constitution, to the enjoyment of all the rights, advantages and immunities of citizens of the United States; and in the meantime they shall be maintained and protected in the free enjoyment of their liberty, property, and the religion which they profess.
Page 290 - The navigable waters leading into the Mississippi and St Lawrence, and the carrying places between the same, shall be common highways and forever free, as well to the inhabitants of the said Territory as to the citizens of the United States and those of any other States that may be admitted into the Confederacy, without any tax, impost, or duty therefor.
Page 53 - Now, as we have already said in an earlier part of this opinion, upon a different point, the right of property in a slave is distinctly and expressly affirmed in the Constitution.
Page 104 - September last, shall be disposed of for the common benefit of the United States and be settled and formed into distinct republican States, which shall become members of the Federal Union and have the same rights of sovereignty, freedom and independence as the other States...
Page 140 - Resolved that provision ought to be made for the admission of States lawfully arising within the limits of the United States, whether from a voluntary junction of Government and Territory or otherwise, with the consent of a number of voices in the National legislature less than the whole.