Totem and Taboo
Sigmund Freud pioneered the study of the human unconscious-not only on the motivation and behavior of the individual but also as a factor in culture. Here, Freud applies his theories to the fields of archaeology, anthropology, and religion. This collection of four essays-written in 1912-3 and originally appearing in the journal *Imago*-includes: [ "The savage's dread of incest" [ "Taboo and the ambivalence of emotions" [ "Animism, magic and the omnipotence of thought" [ "The infantile recurrence of totemism" Initially rejected by those who study culture, Freud's methods were later adopted by many ethnographers, and this remains a vital work for approaching cultural issues today. Austrian psychiatrist SIGMUND FREUD (1856-1939) developed psychoanalysis-dialogue between doctor and patient-as a tool for understanding and curing psychopathologies. While some of his ideas have been supplanted by subsequent research and refinement, his work continues to profoundly influence the sciences and the humanities alike.
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ambivalent Andrew Lang animistic Apepi Aruntas assume assumption become blood ceremonial child clan compulsion neurosis conception conﬂict consanguineous customs dangerous dead death deceased deﬁnite demons difﬁculties dream E. B. Tylor emotional enemy exist expiation explain expression fact father fear feelings ﬁeld ﬁnally ﬁnd ﬁre ﬁrst ﬂesh forbidden Frazer Golden Bough group marriage holy hostility identiﬁcation impulses incest dread individual inﬂuence J. G. Frazer justiﬁed kill king later libido magic manifestations marriage means mother mother-in-law motives mourning myths nature neurosis neurotic object one’s origin of totemism person phobia phratries primal primitive races psychic psychoanalysis psychological punishment relation religion religious restrictions result Robertson Smith sacriﬁce savages sense of guilt sexual intercourse signiﬁcance social soul spirits taboo prohibitions taboo rules theory things tion to-day totem and taboo totem animal totem feast totemic system Totemism and Exogamy touch tribe uncon unconscious violation wish woman Wundt