Culture and Customs of Rwanda

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Greenwood Publishing Group, 2007 - Social Science - 164 pages

Rwanda has been in the news for the genocide of 1994 and its aftermath. This volume exposes Western readers to the fuller picture of Rwanda. Early European travelers attested to Rwanda's beauty, describing it variously as the Switzerland of Africa and the Pearl of Africa. Rwanda has also been referred to as the Land of a Thousand Hills and the Land of Gorillas. The spectacular volcanoes, mountains, and natural resources are significant assets. The nation been dominated by two colonial powers, the Germans and Belgians. In spite of these political upheavals and acts of ethnic violence, Rwanda remains a country with rich culture and customs.

Readers will learn that living together in harmony has been part of the Rwandan society, with its few ethnic groups, and traditional values supported a culture of peace. The traditionally pastoral and agricultural society is overviewed. The chapter on religion includes discussion of polytheism to Christianity. Other chapters cover the strong family and women's roles, the arts and oral cultures, celebrations, food, and dress.


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What the author calls a social revolution is what Belgians themselves called "LA revolution assistee," or the "Arranged revolution,in which Belgians were major players,and what he calls "Hutu nationalists" were a bunch of pathetic opportunists who were promised high positions if they helped to create a puppet independent Rwanda.Belgians did everything to sabotage Rwanda's fight for independence as early as 1931,when King Musinga was forced into exile.His successor Mutara Rudahigwa was assassinated in 1959 and Lumumba was next.King Kigeri Ndahindurwa who succeeded Mutara was exiled like his father in 1961.And this self anointed expert think Bahutu had anything to do with all this?? Why would Rwanda fight a bloody war of a social revolution, Rwandans killing Rwandans,right at the time when the rest of Africans were fighting to overthrow the Europeans to claim their long overdue independence?? Who was Kayibanda? He was a bastard son of a Congolese soldier,according to the late Omer Marchal, a colonial "Assistant Administrateur" who knew very well what he was talking about Kayibanda's childhood.Kayibanda was not a true Rwandan in traditional sense,since he had no affiliation to Rwandan clans.Anybody knows his clan? He could not belong to his mother's clan traditionally.This made him an outsider who knew he would never be accepted by Rwandans,which is why he agreed to betray Rwandans by siding with the enemy-Belgian colonialists.During his administration,Belgian officers were appointed as Ministers,including the head of the Police and the army. Israel Ntaganzwa 

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I have never read any thing follish like yours.I am a professor of history and I am an original Rwandan to say that Kayibanda was a son of a Congolese soldier you should go and rinse your mouth because you know nothing about Rwandan History. Kayibanda and my dad went to the same school and his father was a slave at king's palace as most of our grandfathers did. So when he took the lead to liberate Rwanda my father was a leader of youth of MDR to make sure the THE KARINGA and Hutus testcles your fathers used to crown it go to hell. that is what they did but your fathers didnt accept the reality they continued attacking Hutus killing them as they used to until they killed Habyarimana and Hutus defended themselves and I dont regret of what they did in 1959, 1994 and if the time comes my children will do the same since you do not respect Hutus as human beings but your slaves....The history is never rewritten because it involves time and space plus the event so you should accept the truth that reconciliation and democracy is the only way to go and stop hitting the wall claiming that KAYIBANDA was not a Rwandan foolish...soon you will say that you didnt killed Hutus in Tingitingi and yet I was there and you ate the flesh of my family 


2 Religion and Worldview
3 Literature and Media
4 Art and ArchitectureHousing
5 Cuisine and Traditional Dress
6 Gender Roles Marriage and Family
7 Social Customs and Lifestyle
8 Music and Dance
Rwanda National Anthem and English Translation

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About the author (2007)

JULIUS O. ADEKUNLE is Associate Professor of History and Anthropology at Monmouth University where he teaches various courses on Africa.

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