One Discipline, Four Ways: British, German, French, and American Anthropology
University of Chicago Press, Mar 17, 2010 - Social Science - 408 pages
One Discipline, Four Ways offers the first book-length introduction to the history of each of the four major traditions in anthropology—British, German, French, and American. The result of lectures given by distinguished anthropologists Fredrik Barth, Andre Gingrich, Robert Parkin, and Sydel Silverman to mark the foundation of the Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology, this volume not only traces the development of each tradition but considers their impact on one another and assesses their future potentials.
Moving from E. B. Taylor all the way through the development of modern fieldwork, Barth reveals the repressive tendencies that prevented Britain from developing a variety of anthropological practices until the late 1960s. Gingrich, meanwhile, articulates the development of German anthropology, paying particular attention to the Nazi period, of which surprisingly little analysis has been offered until now. Parkin then assesses the French tradition and, in particular, its separation of theory and ethnographic practice. Finally, Silverman traces the formative influence of Franz Boas, the expansion of the discipline after World War II, and the "fault lines" and promises of contemporary anthropology in the United States.
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academic Africa American anthropology analysis anthro anthropol anthropology in German approach Bastian’s Baumann became Berlin biological Boas Boas’s Boasian Bronislaw Malinowski classiﬁcation colleagues Collège de France colonial concept context critical cultural anthropology deﬁned deﬁnition diﬀerent diﬀusionism diﬀusionist discipline Dumont Durkheim Durkheimian early economic eﬀects eﬀorts Émile Durkheim empirical ethnographic ethnology evolutionary ﬁeld ﬁeldwork ﬁgure ﬁnd ﬁrst folklore France French functionalist German language German language zone Herder’s human ideas identiﬁed ideology impact individual inﬂuence inﬂuential institutions intellectual interest kinship later Lévi-Strauss linguistic Malinowski Marx Marx’s Marxist Mauss Melanesia modern Mühlmann museum Nazi Nazism oﬀered Otto Reche period perspective physical anthropology political pology position practice primitive racial Radcliﬀe-Brown reﬂected relativism religion ritual Schmidt scholars scientiﬁc signiﬁcant social anthropology society sociocultural anthropology sociology speciﬁc structure studies symbols theoretical theory thought Thurnwald tion tradition Tylor University Vienna Völkerkunde Wilhelm Schmidt
Page 7 - Civilization, taken in its wide ethnographic sense, is that complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, morals, law, custom, and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society.
Page 368 - Tome LU. JOUIN (Dr Bernard Y). La Mort et la Tombe. L'abandon de la Tombe. Les cérémonies, prières et sacrifices se rapportant à ces très importantes manifestations de la vie des autochtones du Darlac. Paris, 1949, vin-238 p., 43 fig Zone franc 30,95 F Tome LXXVII.