Politics in Chile: Democracy, Authoritarianism, and the Search for Development
In her historically grounded investigation of the dramatic political changes in Chile over the past thirty years, Lois Oppenheim focuses on identifying the dynamics of political conflict underlying this turbulent period. After a brief historical overview, she examines Allende’s attempt to enact revolutionary socialism through the ballot box and analyses the constellation of internal and external factors that led to its bloody end. The book then looks at the political and socioeconomic transformations that took place under the military dictatorship of Pinochet, which rejected the state-directed development model in favor of a rigid, free-market economic model, but under conditions of political repression.In this second edition, Oppenheim has significantly updated the section on the return to civilian rule after 1990. Looking at the presidencies of both Aylwin and Frei, she focuses on their efforts to reconstruct democratic practices and institutions, including resolving sensitive issues such as human rights violations and civil-military relations. In a new, concluding chapter, Oppenheim explores the implications of the country’s new economic standing as an economic success story—a “Latin American jaguar”—and its significance as a model for the region as a whole. She raises questions about the long-term viability of the neoliberal project and discusses the political and economic challenges that still confront Chile.
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An Overview of Chilean Politics
Chiles Experiment in Socialism
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actions addition agrarian reform Allende government Allende's alliance Altamirano armed forces Aylwin government campaign candidate capital Center certacion Chicago Boys Chile Christian Left civilian coalition Communist Party Concertacion Concertacion governments conflict Congress continued Contreras copper CORFO create crisis democracy Despite dictatorship economic model Ediciones electoral enterprises especially example export foreign investment free market Frei government grassroots Greater Santiago groups human rights industries institutions issue junta labor Latin America leaders Left major Manuel Contreras MAPU ment MERCOSUR mercurio middle-class military regime military rule military's minister mobilization municipal negotiations neoliberal nomic opposition organizations Partido Patricio Aylwin percent period Pinochet plebiscite Pobreza political parties political system Popular Unity poverty presidential protests Radomiro Tomic result revolutionary right-wing role Salvador Allende Santiago sector Senate Sergio Bitar social Socialist Party society strategy tariff tion took transition Union vote workers