Sports Injury Research
With the increasing focus on tackling obesity and other lifestyle-related illnesses and conditions, participation in sports and physical activity is growing. The consequences are that injuries and unwanted side-effects of healthy activity are becoming major health problems. Prevention is crucial to health gain, both in the short-term (preventing immediate injury), and in the longer term (reducing the risk of recurrence and prolonged periods of impairment). Prevention follows 4 main steps: 1) the sports injury problem must be described in incidence and severity, 2) the etiological risk factors and mechanisms underlying the occurrence of injury are identified, 3) preventive methods that are likely to work can be developed and introduced, and 4) the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of such measures are evaluated. This book follows these four steps to provide a comprehensive guide to the epidemiology and methodology involved in sports injury research. It includes detailed background on epidemiological methods employed in research on sports injuries, discusses key methodological issues, and teaches the reader to recognize the influence of the employed methodology on interpretations of study results. Theoretical knowledge is integrated with practical examples throughout. The book will be of value to all researchers and professionals, both clinicians and epidemiologists, in the field of sports medicine.
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aetiology ankle sprain anterior cruciate ligament approach appropriate assess associated athletes Bahr behaviour bias biomechanical calculate case-control study causal chapter Clin J Sport clinical trial clubs cluster coaches cohort study compared confidence interval confounding considered context control group cost-effectiveness costs covariate cruciate ligament defined developed ecological economic evaluation effect estimate example exposure football hazard ratio health-care identified implementation incidence individual injury prevention injury rates injury risk injury surveillance intervention group intervention package logistic regression mechanisms of injury Meeuwisse methods odds ratio Output p-value participants Poisson regression population potential preventive measures previous injury programme proprioception randomized controlled trial rate ratio regression analysis relative risk relevant research question risk difference risk factors rugby union sample soccer players specific sports body sports injuries sports medicine sports-injury preventive sports-injury research standard statistical strategies study design systematic reviews Table target validity