Philosophy of Chemistry: Synthesis of a New Discipline

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Davis Baird, Eric Scerri, Lee McIntyre
Springer Science & Business Media, Sep 1, 2011 - Science - 362 pages
The Invisibility of Chemistry DAVIS BAIRD South Carolina Honors College, University of South Carolina ERIC SCERRI Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California, Los Angeles LEE MCINTYRE Center for Philosophy and History of Science, Boston University BUTWHATAREALLTHOSECHEMISTSDOING? Recently, one of us (Davis Baird) attended a meeting of historians of science and technology spanning all of the natural sciences and engineering and all (western) periods, ancient through contemporary. In the discussion of a paper on state-of-t- art history of modern (18th century forward) chemistry, a member of the audience made the claim that there was very little left to do in contemporary chemistry and that chemistry departments in his country were having trouble attracting graduate students. Baird found this perspective on contemporary chemistry both remarkable andimplausible,andsaidasmuch. AttheUniversityofSouthCarolina(USC)—where he teaches—chemistry enrolls, and graduates, ?ve times as many graduate students as physics. In this, USC is not unique. The discipline of chemistry is, in fact, enormous and enormously productive. Joachim Schummer in this volume (Chapter 2) makes the point persuasively and concisely with data on the number of publications in various ?elds. With a grand total just shy of 900,000 papers indexed in chemical abstracts for the year 2000, chemistry is larger than all of the other natural sciences combined.
 

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Contents

INTRODUCTION The Invisibility of Chemistry
3
THE PHILOSOPHY OF CHEMISTRY From Infancy Toward Maturity
19
CHEMISTRY AND THE HISTORY AND PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE
41
ARISTOTLES THEORY OF CHEMICAL REACTION AND CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES
43
KANTS LEGACY FOR THE PHILOSOPHY OF CHEMISTRY
69
CHEMISTRY AND CURRENT PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE
93
THE CONCEPTUAL STRUCTURE OF THE SCIENCES Reemergence of the Human Dimension
95
NORMATIVE AND DESCRIPTIVE PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE AND THE ROLE OF CHEMISTRY
119
CHEMICAL THEORY AND FOUNDATIONAL QUESTIONS
205
SOME PHILOSOPHICAL IMPLICATIONS OF CHEMICAL SYMMETRY
207
THE PERIODIC SYSTEMS OF MOLECULES Presuppositions Problems and Prospects
221
A NEW PARADIGM FOR SCHRODINGER AND KOHN
245
CHEMISTRY AND ITS TOOLS OF REPRESENTATION
271
VIRTUAL TOOLS The Epistemological and Social Issues of ComputerAided Chemical Process Design
273
SPACE IN MOLECULAR REPRESENTATION OR HOW PICTURES REPRESENT OBJECTS
293
VISUALIZING INSTRUMENTAL TECHNIQUES OF SURFACE CHEMISTRY
309

HOW CLASSICAL MODELS OF EXPLANATION FAIL TO COPE WITH CHEMISTRY The Case of Molecular Modeling
129
PROFESSIONAL ETHICS IN SCIENCE
157
CHEMISTRY AND PHYSICS
171
IS THERE DOWNWARD CAUSATION IN CHEMISTRY?
173
PHYSICS IN THE CRUCIBLE OF CHEMISTRY Ontological Boundaries and Epistemological Blueprints
191
CHEMISTRY AND ONTOLOGY
325
ARE CHEMICAL KINDS NATURAL KINDS?
327
WATER IS NOT H20
337
FROM METAPHYSICS TO METACHEMISTRY
347
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