State and Peasant in Contemporary China: The Political Economy of Village Government
This is a study of peasant-state relations and village politics as they have evolved in response to the state's attempts to control the division of the harvest and extract the state-defined surplus. To provide the reader with a clearer sense of the evolution of peasant-state relations over almost a forty-year period and to highlight the dramatic changes that have taken place since 1978,1 have divided my analysis into two parts: Chapters 2 through 7 are on Maoist China, and chapters 8 and 9 are on post-Mao China. The first part examines the state's grain policies and patterns of local politics that emerged during the highly collectivized Maoist period, when the state closed free grain markets and established the system of unified purchase and sales (tonggou tongxiao). The second part describes the new methods for the production and division of the harvest after 1978, when the government decollectivized agriculture and abolished its unified procurement program.
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agricultural tax allowed amount of grain Anhui areas basic grain ration Beijing Review brigade cadres cash Chapter chemical fertilizer China Interviews Chinese clientelism clientelist collective collectivization commune communist contract costs countryside coupons crop Cultural Revolution Dazhai distribution economic example extra grain Fujian ganqing gongzuo grain bureau grain procurement grain production grain reserve grain sales granary Guangdong guanxi harvest Hebei Henan Hong Kong Interview Hunan illegal implementation income increased individual peasant inputs Jiangsu jin of grain jingji labor land levels liang liangshi Liaoning limited Maoist Minhou NCGZTX needed NMRB Nongcun liangshi nongmin official overquota sales peasant households peasants People's Communes percent political problems procurement price production team province reforms reports ribao RMRB rural sell grain Shandong Shanxi sideline sold specialized households state's storage strategy surplus team cadres team leader team members team's tion township tractors upper-level village cadres work-point yuan ZGNMB Zhejiang
Page 262 - Particularly since the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party...