Phasing Out the Colonial Status of Greenland, 1945-54: A Historical Study

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Museum Tusculanum Press, 2010 - History - 478 pages
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In 2005 the Danish government obliged the wish of the Greenlandic Home Rule to commission a historical report on the circumstances surrounding the changed status of Greenland within the realm following the modification of the Constitution in 1953. This report is here presented by leading specialists in the field who provide the most comprehensive account to date of Greenland's colonial status in the years 1945-54. With the Constitution of 1953, the colonial status of Greenland came to an end and the country was made an integral part of Denmark, and Greenlanders were now granted equal rights as citizens within the Danish realm. In 1954 this new arrangement was supported by an overwhelming majority in the UN General Assembly. The decision to change Greenland's status was conditioned both by internal and external circumstances. In the UN context, Danes increasingly felt the strain of being a colonial power, and they also feared the possibility of future UN interference in Greenlandic affairs. The chapters in this volume are significant contributions to the ongoing debates concerning important political developments in Danish-Greenlandic relations in the post-war period. Together they constitute the definitive attempt to untangle and delineate the many circumstances impinging on the phasing out of Greedlands colonial status.
 

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Contents

introduCtion
9
World War ii
21
World War ii as a turning point
29
sovereignty
36
national right of selfdetermination
42
national security policy and economics
48
Conclusion
64
organisational framework
77
Meetings of the Committee
248
Between nuuk and Copenhagen
268
Conclusion
284
hermod lannungs initiatives
301
the fate of the draft resolution in the plenary session on 27 november 1953
314
Brazils draft resolution
338
Preliminary recapitulation
344
Conclusion
367

Closing remarks
86
on colonial selfdetermination the territorial integrity of states
93
requirements concerning the implementation of colonial
106
evaluating the process of greenlands integration with denmark in 19531954
113
summary
120
the greenland issue emerges
126
hedtoft goes on the offensive
138
the new policy on greenland gets off the ground
152
Conclusion
164
the greenland issue in the un 19451950 Frede P Jensen
167
Meetings in the fourth Committee
182
the greenland issue in the un 19511952 Frede P Jensen
201
outlook in 1951
220
the meetings in the 73 e Committee the fourth Committee
235
greenlands integration as a danishgreenland project
373
the issue of international law
380
aPPendiCes
387
original expert opinion of 17 June 1952 provided
393
expert opinion of 17 June 1952 provided by Poul andersen
401
letter of 13 august 1952 containing personal and highly
407
un resolution 648 Vii of 10 december 1952 with the second
413
un resolution 849 ix of 22 november 1954 the greenland
421
icelandic claims to greenland Margit Bech Larsen
443
sourCes
455
BiBliograPhy
461
index of naMes
473
Copyright

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About the author (2010)

Erik Beukel is Senior Researcher at the Danish Institute for International Studies.
Frede P. Jensen (1940-2008) was Senior Researcher at the Danish Institute for International Studies.
Jens Elo Rytter is Associate Professor at the Faculty of Law at the University of Copenhagen.

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