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A Grammar of Colloquial Chinese: As Exhibited in the Shanghai Dialect ...
No preview available - 2014
accent adjectives adverbs auxiliary Chinese circumflex clause colloquial combination compound consonants copula dialect Dictionary dong dzang dzieu dzong enclitic English examples expressed fong groups h'iang h'ih initial k'eu k'iuh k'wa Kiang-si kiau kiun kiung kong liang liary ling mandarin meh zz ming native ngara ngaw niun nong nouns nung nyih particles penultimate precedes pronouns pronunciation second tone sentences Shan language Shanghai Shanghai dialect short tone siang siau sing sound standing last Su-cheu substantives t'eh t'seh t'su t'sz tang third tone tong transitive verb tsah tsau tseu tsing tsoh tsong tsun upper veh yau verb vowels words yung zong zung
Page 10 - The even tone travels on a level road, neither elevated nor depressed. " The high tone exclaims aloud, being fierce, violent, and strong. "The departing tone is distinct and clear, gruffly travelling to a distance. " The entering tone is short and contracted, being hastily gathered up...
Page 2 - It is often mistaken by foreign ears when occurring before i and « for the aspirated ch' but should be separated from that sound in careful pronunciation ; -^ k'i' usually heard ch'ï. When a native is asked, whether k'i' oder ch'ï is the more correct pronunciation of ^ he replies the former. Yet the orthography by ch'i' seems to the foreigner more like the true sound.
Page 89 - The native writer before alluded to says, the office of adjectives is "to describe the attributes and appearance of things.
Page 59 - ... and much more when instead of embracing the universal mandarin medium, we aim to exhibit the dialect of a single district.
Page 7 - Bnt when applied according to universal practice, to the sounds given to the same characters in other parts of the empire, these four names convey no idea of the actual pronunciation.