A Grammar of Colloquial Chinese: As Exhibited in the Shanghai Dialect

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Presbyterian Mission Press, 1868 - Chinese language - 225 pages
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Page 10 - The even tone travels on a level road, neither elevated nor depressed. " The high tone exclaims aloud, being fierce, violent, and strong. "The departing tone is distinct and clear, gruffly travelling to a distance. " The entering tone is short and contracted, being hastily gathered up...
Page 2 - It is often mistaken by foreign ears when occurring before i and for the aspirated ch' but should be separated from that sound in careful pronunciation ; -^ k'i' usually heard ch'. When a native is asked, whether k'i' oder ch' is the more correct pronunciation of ^ he replies the former. Yet the orthography by ch'i' seems to the foreigner more like the true sound.
Page 89 - The native writer before alluded to says, the office of adjectives is "to describe the attributes and appearance of things.
Page 59 - ... and much more when instead of embracing the universal mandarin medium, we aim to exhibit the dialect of a single district.
Page 7 - Bnt when applied according to universal practice, to the sounds given to the same characters in other parts of the empire, these four names convey no idea of the actual pronunciation.
Page 7 - S> even, zang, rising, k'ii.', going, zch, entering, because, being the same in all dialects, they do not in the majority of cases, represent the actual effect of the sounds on the ear.

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