Natives and Newcomers: Canada's "Heroic Age" Reconsidered

Front Cover
Manchester University Press, 1986 - Canada - 430 pages
According to convential nineteenth-century wisdom, societies of European origin were naturally progressive; native societies were static. One consequence of this attitutde was the almost universal separation of history and anthropology. Today, despite a growing interest in changes in Amerindian societies, this dichotomy continues to distort the investigation of Canadian history and to assign native peoples only a marginal place in it. Natives and Newcomers discredits that myth. In a spirited and critical re-examination of relations between the French and the Iroquoian-speaking inhabitants of the St Lawrence lowlands, from the incursions of Jacques Cartier through the explorations of Samuel de Champlain and the Jesuit missions into the early years of the royal regime, Natives and Newcomers argues that native people have played a significant role in shaping the development of Canada. Trigger also shows that the largely ignored French traders and their employees established relations with native people that were indispensable for founding a viable European colony on the St Lawrence. The brisk narrative of this period is complemented by a detailed survey of the stereotypes about native people that have influenced the development of Canadian history and anthropology and by candid discussions of how historical, ethnographical, and archaeological approaches can and cannot be combined to produce a more rounded and accurate understanding of the past.
 

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Contents

Parkman and American
9
Nationalist Histories
29
Recent Trends
45
Chronological Archaeology
64
Transition to Food Production
83
Prehistoric Florescence
100
Early European Contact 1 18
118
Traders and Colonizers
164
The Impact of Epidemics
242
Conversions and Factionalism
251
The Destruction of the Hurons
259
Iroquois Supremacy
273
The Saviour of New France
281
The Iroquois Missions
289
Heroes and Victims
297
Monopolists and Free Traders
305

Trade and Warfare 160o1615
172
The Nature of Indian Trade
183
European Traders
194
Missionaries
200
The Historical Petuns and Neutrals
221
The Killing Years
229
Colonizers against Traders 3 1 5
315
The Iesuit Mission Colony
325
Final Observations
341
References
357
Index
399
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