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abstract name admit affirmed or denied analysis animal Archbishop Whately assertion attri attributes connoted axioms believe biped breathes flame butes called cause classification coexist colour common conceive conclusion concrete name connotative name consciousness considered consists copula definition denoted differentia distinction doctrine Duke of Wellington equal essence evidence example excites existence experience expression fact or phenomenon feelings genus geometry gism grounded idea implied included indefinite number individual induction inference inquiry instance kind knowledge known language logic logicians mark matter meaning men are mortal mental merely mind minor premise mode mortal nature Nominalists Noumena noumenon objects observation particular peculiar person phenomena philosophers possess predicate proper name properties prove purpose ratiocination rationality reasoning relation resemblance respecting schoolmen sensation of white sense signification Sir William Hamilton Socrates species substance supposed syllogism syllogistic term theory things thought tion true truth universal proposition vidual word
Page 430 - If two or more instances of the phenomenon under investigation have only one circumstance in common, the circumstance in which alone all the instances agree is the cause (or effect) of the given phenomenon.
Page 431 - If an instance in which the phenomenon under investigation occurs, and an instance in which it does not occur, have every circumstance in common save one, that one occurring only in the former; the circumstance in which alone the two instances differ is the effect, or the cause, or an indispensable part of the cause, of the phenomenon.
Page 439 - Subduct from any phenomenon such part as is known by previous inductions to be the effect of certain antecedents, and the residue of the phenomenon is the effect of the remaining antecedents.
Page 366 - To certain facts, certain facts always do, and, as we believe, will continue to, succeed. The invariable antecedent is termed the cause ; the invariable consequent the effect. And the universality of the law of causation consists in this, that every consequent is connected in this manner with some particular antecedent or set of antecedents.
Page 344 - It would yet be a great error to offer this large generalization as any explanation of the inductive process. On the contrary, I hold it to be itself an instance of induction, and induction by no means of the most obvious kind.
Page 352 - Why is a single instance, in some cases, sufficient for a complete induction ; while in others, myriads of concurring instances, without a single exception known or presumed, go such a very little way towards establishing a universal proposition ? Whoever can answer this question, knows more of the philosophy of logic than the wisest of the ancients, and has solved the problem of induction.
Page 443 - Whatever phenomenon varies in any manner whenever another phenomenon varies in some particular manner, is either a cause or an effect of that phenomenon, or is connected with it through some fact of causation.
Page 479 - The business of Inductive Logic is to provide rules and models (such as the Syllogism and its rules are for ratiocination) to which if inductive arguments conform, those arguments are conclusive, and not otherwise.
Page 149 - The simplest and most correct notion of a Definition is, a proposition declaratory of the meaning of a word...
Page 23 - names ordered in speech (as is defined) are signs of our conceptions, it is manifest they are not signs of the things themselves ; for that the sound of this word stone should be the sign of a stone, cannot be understood in any sense but this, that he that hears it collects that he that pronounces it thinks of a stone.