Civilization and Barbarity in Twentieth Century Europe
The "civilization" of 20th-century Europe included many of the most revolutionary scientific advances in human history, some of the most original movements in art and music, and the creation of a "welfare state" offering greater and more varied opportunities to the ordinary citizen than any previous civilization. It democratized both traditional intellectual and artistic culture, and the popular culture of mass media entertainment, travel, and athletics. It witnessed the gradual extension of the concepts of human rights and religious and racial toleration. But the same century also included the two most destructive wars in human history; a large number of authoritarian, arbitrary, and incompetent dictatorships; and, in the forms of Nazism and Stalinism, the most vile and sadistic regimes of which we have any documented record. How can we understand the combination of such prodigious accomplishments and such devastating violence? And what can we learn from these contrasting events?
Against this backdrop, eminent historian Gabriel Jackson deals with the political and cultural history of Europe in the 20th century. His book is not, however, a mere chronological survey concentrating on political and economic developments. Rather the major aspects of those developments, and of international relations-both peaceful and warlike-are seen as the necessary background for the consideration of European culture, values, practical expectations, and the lifestyles available to, or imposed upon, the population as a whole.
In his discussion of its art, politics, and science, Jackson conveys the current significance, and the possible future, of a democratic and pluralistic Europe. Clarity of exposition makes the book ideal not only for scholars but for the lay reader as well.
19 pages matching elite in this book
Results 1-3 of 19
What people are saying - Write a review
Europe before the First World War
The First World War
17 other sections not shown
Other editions - View all
accept Allies American anti-Semitism army artists atomic Austria Austrian Bolshevik bomb British capitalism capitalist Celine civil civilian classes communist Communist Party completely conservative countries created cubism culture Czech Czechoslovakia death decades democracy democratic deported destroyed dictatorship diplomatic Eastern Europe economic elections elite European fact factories fascist Fauvism forces France French German gulag Heidegger Hitler hope human Hungarian Hungary important industrial intellectual Italian Italy Jewish Jews Khrushchev labor late leaders Lenin living majority military million moral Moscow Mussolini nationalist Nazi novel occupied Pasternak peace peasants percent physicists Poland Polish political population postwar prime minister principal production purges Red Army regime Republic resistance revolution revolutionary Romania Russia scientific scientists social socialist society Soviet Union Spain Spanish Stalin Stalinist tion traditional treaty troops twentieth century United University USSR Warsaw Warsaw Pact Weimar Republic West Western workers Yugoslavia