The Discovery of Early Childhood: The Development of Services for the Care and Education of Very Young Children, Mid Eighteenth Century Europe to Mid Twentieth Century New Zealand
The care and education of young children has a history that reflects not only the shifting attitudes to children but also the role of women in society. This little-known history is told by leading educationalist Helen May, who traces the New Zealand history story back to its roots in the eighteenth century. The great European innovators, such as Johann Pestalozzi, Friedrich Froebel and Robert Owen, laid the foundations for the ideas that colonisers brought with them to New Zealand. In this early colonial period, the care of children outside the home was controversial, and tended to be categorised as charity- and an artificial division arose between welfare and education in early childhood services. Helen May looks at the evolution of these services fromt the structured kindergartens and foundling homes of the nineteenth century.
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destitution foundlings and babyfarming
supporting mothers and children
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acceptable activities adult Anna Freud Auckland Australia babies baby-farming became Beeby began birth Britain charitable childcare childcare services childrearing Christchurch colonial concern creche curriculum Day Nursery Dewey Dunedin early childhood education early childhood services economic emerged environment established European experiences focus foundling homes free play Freud Froebel Froebellian funding garten Government ideal ideas illegitimacy illegitimate impact infant mortality infant school innovation institutions interest issues kinder kindergarten movement kindergarten programme kindergarten teachers later learning Maria Montessori Maui Pomare McMillan ment Montessori methods moral Mother Aubert motherhood needs nineteenth century nursery school nurses organisations Pakeha parents pedagogy Pestalozzi Play Centre playcentre Plunket political poor postwar practice preschool problem progressive education psychological rationale rearing reform role Rousseau sexual social society Susan Isaacs Truby King twentieth century venture visited WCTU welfare wellbeing Wellington wet nurse women working-class young children Zealand