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African slave-trade agree amendments August C. C. Pinckney ceeded charge Clymer commit committee of detail committee of eleven compromise Congress the power consideration constitution conformable thereto convention debate dently denying to Congress Dickinson of Delaware eight years longer Ellsworth of Connecticut eral Exports extension fourth section Georgia Gorham Hampshire import slaves importation of slaves Intelligencer journal July King of Massachusetts Langdon legalize slavery legisla lina Madison of Virginia Madison Papers Martin of Maryland middle ground migration or importation Monday motion necticut never North protracted Pennsylvania Pinckney of South prepare and report proceedings prohibit the slave-trade proper to admit protracted the slave-trade Randolph of Virginia referred RELATION TO SLAVERY reported the clause Rutledge of South senate seventh article Sherman of Connecticut sider slave-trade eight South Caro South Carolina South wished southern members strenuous think proper tion trade uncontradicted Union vote Williamson of North wished to endure
Page 8 - No tax or duty shall be laid by the Legislature on articles exported from any State ; nor on the migration or importation of such persons as the several States shall think proper to admit ; nor shall such migration or importation be prohibited.
Page 11 - If the Convention thinks that North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia, will ever agree to the plan, unless their right to import slaves be untouched, the expectation is vain. The people of those States will never be such fools, as to give up so important an interest.
Page 13 - This, he said, would be most fair, and would avoid the ambiguity by which, under the power with regard to naturalization, the liberty reserved to the states might be defeated. He wished it to be known, also, that this part of the Constitution was a compliance with those states. If the change of language, however, should be objected to by the members from those states, he should not urge it. Col. MASON was not against using the term
Page 11 - This widening of opinions had a threatening aspect. If we do not agree on this middle and moderate ground, he was afraid we should lose two States, with such others as may be disposed to stand aloof; should fly into a variety of shapes and directions, and most probably into several confederations, — and not without bloodshed.
Page 11 - Mr. SHERMAN said it was better to let the Southern States import slaves than to part with them, if they made that a sine qua non.
Page 11 - RANDOLPH was for committing in order that some middle ground might, if possible, be found. He could never agree to the clause as it stands. He would sooner risk the Constitution. He dwelt on the dilemma to which the Convention was exposed. By agreeing to the clause, it would revolt the Quakers, the Methodists, and many others in the States having no slaves. On the other hand, two States might be lost to the Union. Let us then, he said, try the chance of a commitment.
Page 7 - P1NCKNEY reminded the Convention, that if the Committee should fail to insert some security to the Southern State against an emancipation of slaves, and taxes on exports, he should be bound by duty to his State to vote against their report.
Page 9 - He had hoped that some accommodation would have taken place on this subject ; that at least a time would have been limited for the importation of slaves. He never could agree to let them be imported without limitation, and then be represented in the National Legislature.
Page 9 - In two great points, the hands of the legislature were absolutely tied. The importation of slaves could not be prohibited. Exports could not be taxed.
Page 6 - RESOLVED, That it be an instruction to the committee, to whom were referred the proceedings of the convention for the establishment of a national government, to receive a clause or clauses, requiring certain qualifications of property and citizenship, in the United States, for the executive, the judiciary, and the members of both branches of the legislature of the United States.] With the above resolutions were referred the propositions offered by Mr C.