Potter & Perry's Fundamentals of Nursing - Australian Version - E-Book

Front Cover
Elsevier Health Sciences, Nov 1, 2008 - Medical - 5742 pages

Please note that this eBook does not include the DVD accompaniment. If you would like to have access to the DVD content, please purchase the print copy of this title.

Now in its 3rd edition, Potter & Perry's Fundamentals of Nursing continues to be the definitive text for nursing students in our region. The new edition builds on the strengths of the highly successful previous editions with greater authorship, increased local research, evidence and concepts particular to the health care systems of Australia and New Zealand.

Fully revised and updated by leading Australian and New Zealand nurse educators. It presents essential nursing skills in a clear format consistent with Australian and New Zealand practice, placing greater emphasis on critical thinking skill explanations, revised procedural recommendations, infection control considerations and updated medications information.

    • Health Care Delivery System (Chapter 2) – now includes New Zealand content and walks the student through the evolution of health care delivery systems in our region.
    • Engaging in Clinical Inquiry and Practice Development (Chapter 5) written by Jackie Crisp and Professor Brendan McCormack provides a contemporary perspective on the processes underpinning nursing knowledge development, utilisation and their role in the ongoing advancement of nursing practice.
    • Managing Client Care (Chapter 20) is an exciting newly revised chapter that engages the student in exploring nursing issues in managing client care within the context of contemporary health care systems.
    • New Chapter on Caring for the Cancer Survivor
    • New Zealand Supplement Legal Implications of Nursing Practice
  • Now includes evolve e-books
  • Now students can search across Potter & Perry’s Fundamentals of Nursing 3E electronically via a fully searchable online version. Students can take notes, highlight material and more. The e-book is included with this edition at no extra cost.
  • New Resources for Students and Instructors on Evolve:
  • Nursing Skills Online for Fundamentals of Nursing provides students with 17 interactive modules which expand on textbook concepts, through the use of media rich animations. It encourages decision-making and critical-thinking skills through case-based and problem-oriented lessons.
  • Nursing Skills Online for Fundamentals of Nursing may be purchased separately as a User guide & Access code (ISBN: 9780729539388)
  • Online Study guide for students is an ideal supplement with Skills Performance Check lists designed to challenge students’ abilities. Clinical knowledge can be further tested through additional short answer and review questions.
 

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Contents

Nursing defined
The history of modern nursing
Social economic and political influences on nursing
Research focus
Evidencebased practice
Science and art of nursing practice
Education and its relationship to nursing careers
Trends in nursing
Teaching Strategies
Objective
Evaluation
Thorax and lungs
Objectives
Teaching Strategies
Heart
Objectives

Key Concepts
Critical Thinking Exercises
A brief history of the Australian healthcare system
A brief history of the New Zealand healthcare system
Healthcare reform
Research focus
Evidencebased practice
Financing the Australian healthcare system
The evolution of Medicare in Australia
Healthcare services
Primary care
Secondary care
Health promotion
Primary care
Rehabilitation
Extended care
Acute care
Minimum data set
Resident assessment protocols examples
Quality healthcare
Conclusion
Key concepts
Critical thinking exercises
Primary secondary and tertiary prevention
The new public health movement
Research focus
Research abstract
Evidencebased practice
Community
Researching with centenarians
The future
Critical thinking exercises
Nursings disciplinary focus
Theory
Historical perspective
Relationship of theory to the nursing process and client needs
Interdisciplinary theories
Selected nursing theories
Research focus
Evidencebased practice
Controversies associated with nursing theory
The link between theory knowledge development and evidencebased practice
Key concepts
Critical thinking exercises
Three levels of nursing inquiry
Identify the focus practice problem or issue
Define criteria and standards
Compare performance with criteria and standards
Narrative research
Phenomenology
Grounded theory
Ethnography
Critical ethnography
Action research
Research Focus
EvidenceBased Practice
Reference
Practice development
Taking a PEEP
The complexity of nursing inquiry
Conclusion
Key concepts
Critical thinking exercises
Health and wellness
Implications for practice
Models of health and illness
Promoting health and wellness and preventing illness
Research focus
Evidencebased practice
Levels of preventive care
Risk factors
Risk factor modification and changing health behaviours
Key concepts
Critical thinking exercises
Websites of interest to health illness and health promotion
Theoretical views on caring
Clients perceptions of caring
Research focus
Evidencebased practice
Ethics of care
Caring in nursing practice
The challenge of caring
Implications for practice
Key concepts
Critical thinking exercises
The context of nursing in Australia and New Zealand
What is culture?
The influence of class
Ethnicitywhat is it?
Worldview
What is health?
Culture clash and culture conflict
Models of caretranscultural nursing and cultural safety
Its easy to make mistakes
The importance of interpreters
The power of attitude
Lessons to be learnt from the case study
Conclusion
Key concepts
Critical thinking exercises
Defining the family
Nuclear family
Blended family
The family and health
Implications for practice
An overview of theoretical approaches
General systems theory
Developmental stages theory
Family nursing
Nursing process for the family
Family form and structure
Resources
Family Patterns
Family Function
Communication
Objectives
Evaluation
Research focus
Evidencebased practice
Reference
Acute care
Restorative care
Key concepts
Critical thinking exercises
Role of theories
Growth versus development
Biophysical development theory
Psychosocial theory
Growth and development growth altered risk of
Research focus
Evidencebased practice
Reference
Cognitive development theory
Moral development theory
Conclusion
Key concepts
Critical thinking exercises
Growth and development
Stages of growth and development
birth to 12 or 18 months
6 to 11 or 12 years
Major factors influencing growth and development
Selecting a developmental framework for nursing
Conception
Objectives
Evaluation
Transition from intrauterine to extrauterine life
Newborn
Infant
Implications for practice
Birth to 4 months
47 Months
812 Months
Physical Neglect
Emotional Abuse and Neglect
Physical Abuse
Sexual Abuse
Further Information
Toddler
Preschooler
3YearOld
4YearOld
5YearOld
Schoolage children and adolescents
Schoolage child
Sources of Stress for the 6YearOld
Sources of Stress for the 7YearOld
Sources of Stress for the 1012YearOld
Preadolescent
Research focus
Evidencebased practice
Past History
Family Factors
Key concepts
Critical thinking exercises
Young adulthood
Middle adulthood
Research focus
Evidencebased practice
Objective
Evaluation
External barriers
Key concepts
Critical thinking exercises
Nursing older personsa developing specialisation
Older people as part of our population
Research focus
Research abstract
Ageism
Before teachinglearning session
At the start of the teachinglearning session
At the conclusion of the teaching learning session
Towards an understanding of how we age
Biological theories of ageing
Psychological theories of ageing
Successful ageing
Implications for practice
Service provision
Assessment as a basis of care provision
Assessing clients and their problems
Cognitive impairment
Impaired vision
Joint pain
Risks to healthy ageing
Health issues experienced by older people
Residential aged care facilities
Acute care settings
Complete history
Bladdercontinence chart
Objectives
Evaluation
psychosocial health concerns
Conclusion
Key concepts
Critical thinking exercises
Clinical decisions in nursing practice
Critical thinking defined
Research focus
Evidencebased practice
Levels of critical thinking in nursing
Critical thinking competencies
Critical thinking model
Critical thinking synthesis
Nursing process overview
Key concepts
Critical thinking exercises
Nursing process overview
A critical thinking approach to assessment
Types of data
Sources of data
Methods of data collection
Formulating nursing judgments
Research focus
Evidencebased practice
Systemoriented format
Functional health pattern format
Data documentation
Key concepts
Critical thinking exercises
Evolution of nursing diagnosis
Research focus
Definition
Critical thinking and the nursing diagnostic process
Physical and developmental
Intellectual
Social
Recognise pattern cluster of defining characteristics
Compare with normal standards
Clients with risk of disuse syndrome
Nursing diagnosis statement
Sources of diagnostic error
Interpreting
application to care planning
Key concepts
Critical thinking exercises
Establishing priorities
Critical thinking in establishing goals and expected outcomes
Critical thinking in designing nursing interventions
Research focus
Evidencebased practice
Planning nursing care
Writing the nursing care plan
Writing critical pathways
Consulting other health professionals
Key Concepts
Critical Thinking Exercises
Types of nursing interventions
Critical thinking in implementing nursing interventions
Research focus
Evidencebased practice
Implementation process
Implementation methods
Key concepts
Critical thinking exercises
Critical thinking skills and evaluation
Research focus
Research abstract
Evaluation of goal achievement
Care plan revision and critical thinking
Quality improvement
Doing the right thing
Key concepts
Critical thinking exercises
Preparing for complexity
Positive practice environments
The role of the registered nurse
Professional practice
Critical thinking and analysis
Models of nursing care
Building a nursing team
Leadership skills for nursing students
Measuring outcomes of nursing care
Quality improvement processes for nurses
Skill mix for the student nurse
Goalsetting
Evaluation
Research focus
Research abstract
Key concepts
Critical thinking exercises
Terms and concepts
The importance of ethics
Moral conduct in nursing
Moral theories
Moral problems in nursing
Conclusion
Critical thinking exercise
Regulation of nursing
Legal and professional boundaries of nursing
Legal liability in nursing
professional practice
critical thinking and analysis
provision and coordination of care
collaborative and therapeutic practice
Information to be given
Informing patients of risks
Legal relationships in nursing practice
Employees obligations
Employers obligations
Legal issues in nursing specialties
Medicalsurgical nursing and gerontological nursing
Key concepts
Critical thinking exercises
Communication and nursing practice
Levels of communication
Basic elements of the communication process
Forms of communication
Zones of personal space
Zones of touch
Professional nursing relationships
Preinteraction phase
Orientation phase
Working phase
Elements of professional communication
Communication within the nursing process
Nursing diagnosis
Evaluation
Psychophysiological context
Relational context
Environmental context
Communicating with infants
Communicating with toddlers and preschoolers
Communicating with children
Communicating with adolescents
Research focus
Research abstract
Clients who cannot speak clearly Aphasia Dysarthria Muteness
Clients who are cognitively impaired
Clients who do not speak English
Research focus
Research abstract
Key concepts
Critical thinking exercises
Purposes of client education
Restoration of health
Coping with impaired functions
Teaching and learning
Research focus
Evidencebased practice
Domains of learning
Basic learning principles
Integrating the nursing and teaching processes
Learning needs
Clients with learning needs
Cognitive
Affective
Objectives
Evaluation
Key concepts
Critical thinking exercises
Multidisciplinary communication within the healthcare team
Documentation
SOAPIE
PIE
Focus charting
Reporting
Key Concepts
Critical Thinking Exercises
Scientific knowledge base
Nursing knowledge base
01 year
13 years
1220 years
Critical thinking synthesis
Selfconcept and the nursing process
Disturbed selfconcept
Alterations in selfconcept
Research focus
Evidencebased practice
Teaching strategies
Evaluation
Key concepts
Critical thinking exercises
Scientific knowledge base
Nursing knowledge base
Critical thinking synthesis
Sexuality and the nursing process
Objective
Evaluation
Altered sexuality patterns
Alterations in sexuality
Research focus
Evidencebased practice
Key concepts
Critical thinking exercises
Spiritual needs
Research focus
Reference
Nurses as spiritual carers
Scientific knowledge base
Nursing knowledge base
Critical thinking synthesis
Nursing process
Health needs related to spirituality
Clients in need of spiritual support
Assessment
Evaluation
Objective
Evaluation
Key concepts
Critical thinking exercises
Loss and grief
Physical
Emotional
Theoretical frameworks
Therapeutic communication and assessment
Research focus
Evidencedbased practice
In your professional life
Key concepts
Critical thinking exercises
Scientific knowledge base
Aspects of a stressor that influence the stress response
Nursing knowledge base
Taskoriented behaviours
Critical thinking synthesis
Nursing process
Caregiver role strain
Stress
Research focus
Evidencebased practice
Key concepts
Critical thinking exercises
Guidelines for taking vital signs
Body temperature
Neonates
Surgery patients
Core
Surface
Tympanic membrane sensor
Oral
Axilla
Skin
Delegation considerations
Equipment
Patients with body temperature alterations
Assessment
Intervention unless contraindicated
Pulse
Delegation considerations
Using pulse assessment data as defining characteristics
Exercise
Smoking
Haemoglobin function
Delegation considerations
Delegation considerations
Equipment
Research focus
Evidencebased practice
Reusable probe
Disposable sensor pad
Interference with light transmission
Reduction of arterial pulsations
Blood pressure
Delegation considerations
Equipment
Using blood pressure data as defining characteristics
Health promotion and vital signs
Pulse rate
Respirations
Temperature
Pulse rate
Blood pressure
Recording vital signs
Key concepts
Critical thinking exercises
Purposes of physical examination
Cultural sensitivity
Skills of physical assessment
Preparation for examination
Organisation of the examination
General survey
Skin hair and nails
Objectives
Evaluation
Basal Cell Carcinoma
Squamous cell carcinoma
Objective
Evaluation
Objective
Evaluation
Hyperopia
Retinopathy
Macular degeneration
Objectives
Evaluation
Objectives
Evaluation
Objectives
Teaching Strategies
Objectives
Evaluation
Vascular system
Objectives
Evaluation
Breasts
Research Focus
EvidenceBased Practice
Puberty 820 Years
Young Adulthood 2030 Years
Objectives
Evaluation
Abdomen
Objectives
Evaluation
Female genitalia and reproductive tract
Objectives
Teaching Strategies
Evaluation
Outer Cervix
Endocervical
Male genitalia
Objectives
Genital Examination
Testicular SelfExamination
Rectum and anus
Objectives
Evaluation
Musculoskeletal system
Objectives
Evaluation
Neurological system
Minimental state examination
Instructions for Administration of MiniMental State Examination
Objectives
Teaching Strategies
After the examination
Key concepts
Critical thinking exercises
Nature of infection
The infectious process
Illness stage
Urinary tract
Surgical or traumatic wounds
Bloodstream
The nursing process in infection control
Inadequate primary defences
Infection
Infection
Critical items
Noncritical items
Bathing
Contaminated needles
Drainage canisters and bags
Delegation considerations
Protecting normal defence mechanisms
Maintaining healing processes
Research focus
Research abstract
Wound specimen
Stool specimen
Delegation considerations
Recording and reporting
Delegation considerations
Equipment
Recording and reporting
Equipment
Closed gloving
Recording and reporting
Equipment
Recording and reporting
Objective
Teaching strategies
Evaluation
Key concepts
Critical thinking exercises
Quality use of medications
The medication team
Scientific knowledge base
Australian Capital Territory
South Australia
Schedule 1
Schedule 2
Schedule 6
Pharmacokinetics as the basis of medication actions
Types of medication action
Routes of administration
Clinical calculations
Medication administration
Oral medications
Critical thinking in administering medications
Nursing process and medication administration
Patients requiring medication therapy
Physical considerations
Physical considerations
Sociocultural aspects
Methods of administration
Delegation considerations
Determine the patients ability to swallow
Assess the patients cough
Delegation considerations
Delegation considerations
Ear drops
Ear irrigations
Delegation considerations
Delegation considerations
Research focus
Research abstract
Delegation considerations
Delegation considerations
Mixing medications
Administering injections
Delegation considerations
Vastus lateralis
Safety in administering medications by injection
Delegation considerations
Delegation considerations
Delegation considerations
Key concepts
Critical thinking exercises
Common terms and their relationships
The biomedical model of healthcare
Influences on contemporary healthcare approaches
Research focus
Evidencebased practice
Reference
Royal college of nursing Australia believes that
Rationale
Royal college of nursing Australia resolves to
Traditional European
Neuromuscular therapy
Oriental
Energetic
Incorporating complementary therapies into nursing practice
Key concepts
Critical thinking exercise
Scientific knowledge base
Critical thinking synthesis
Nursing process
Cardiovascular System
Pulmonary System
Musculoskeletal System
Physiological Factors
Emotional Factors
Pregnancy
Impaired Mobility and Improper Body Mechanics
Activity Intolerance
Research Focus
Reference
Objective
Teaching Strategies
Evaluation
Key Concepts
Critical Thinking Questions
Scientific knowledge base
Home Exterior
Home Interior
Kitchen
Bathroom
Electrical and Fire Hazards
Nursing knowledge base
Musculoskeletal Changes
Nervous System Changes
Risk Assessment Tool for Falls
Mental status
Ambulatory devices used
Research Focus
EvidenceBased Practice
Reference
Critical thinking synthesis
Safety and the nursing process
Patients with Safety Risks
Risk of Injury
Delegation considerations
Objectives
Teaching Strategies
Objective
Evaluation
Delegation considerations
Key Concepts
Critical Thinking Exercises
Scientific knowledge base
Nursing knowledge base
Critical thinking synthesis
Nursing process
Immobilisation
Nutrition And Hydration Alterations
Research Focus
Research Abstract
EvidenceBased Practice
Glasses
Artificial Eye
Hygiene Care
Associated With Hygiene Problems
Early Morning Care
Afternoon Care
Delegation considerations
Equipment
Delegation considerations
Equipment
Delegation considerations
Delegation considerations
Delegation considerations
Delegation considerations
Delegation considerations
Objectives
Evaluation
Delegation considerations
Delegation considerations
Equipment
Key Concepts
Critical Thinking Exercises
Scientific knowledge base
Right Coronary Artery
circumflex artery
Inspiratory Muscles
Expiratory Muscles
Lungs
Neural Regulation
Nursing knowledge base
Critical thinking synthesis
Nursing process
Colour
Changes In Colour
Presence Of Blood
Delegation considerations
Thoracentesis
Patient Expectations
Cardiopulmonary Dysfunction
Objectives
Evaluation
Objectives
Evaluation
physiotherapy
Delegation considerations
Equipment
Delegation considerations
Delegation considerations
Equipment
Delegation considerations
Equipment
Delegation considerations
Key Concepts
Critical Thinking Exercises
Scientific knowledge base
Nursing knowledge base
Age
Trauma
Environmental Extremes
Nursing process
Research Focus
Research Abstract
Reference
Fluid And Electrolytes
Metabolic Acidosis
Respiratory Acidosis
Patients With Fluid Electrolyte And AcidBase Alterations
Fluid Electrolyte And AcidBase Disturbances
Delegation considerations
Gauze dressing only
Delegation considerations
Delegation considerations
Delegation considerations
For gauze dressing
Research Focus
EvidenceBased Practice
Key Concepts
Critical Thinking Exercises
Scientific knowledge base
Nrem
Nrem
Rem Sleep
Dyssomnias
Parasomnias
Sleep Disorders Associated With MedicalPsychiatric Disorders
Proposed Sleep Disorders
Physiological Symptoms
Nursing knowledge base
Hypnotics
Caffeine
Anticonvulsants
Critical thinking synthesis
Research Focus
EvidenceBased Practice
Reference
Clients With Sleep Disturbances
Sleep Disturbances
SleepWake Pattern
Environment
Diet
Objective
Evaluation
Physical Comfort
Sufficient Sleep
Key Concepts
Critical Thinking Exercises
Scientific knowledge base
Neurotransmitters
Neuromodulators
Nursing knowledge base
Research Focus
EvidenceBased Practice
Reference
Critical thinking synthesis
Nursing process and pain
Vocalisations
Body Movement
Chronic Pain
Clients In Pain
Sitting
Lying
Know The ClientS Previous Response To Analgesics
Know The Accurate Dosage
Objectives
Evaluation
Physical Dependence
Addiction
Key Concepts
Critical Thinking Exercises
Scientific knowledge base
Nursing knowledge base
Anorexia Nervosa
Factors Affecting Food Choice
Factors Affecting Nutrient Absorption
Factors Affecting Nutrient Needs
Christianity
Judaism
Foods Containing Complete Proteins
Foods Containing Incomplete Proteins
Food Combinations That Provide Complete Protein
Critical thinking synthesis
Nursing process and nutrition
Nutrition
NutritionRelated
Nutrition
Ebb Phase Onset
Flow Phase 3648 Hours PostInjury
Objectives
Evaluation
Clear Liquid
Mechanical Soft
Enteral Nutrition
Parenteral Nutrition
Delegation considerations
Delegation considerations
Delegation considerations
Key Concepts
Critical Thinking Exercises
Scientific knowledge base
Prerenal Conditions
Postrenal Conditions
Research Focus
EvidenceBased Practice
Nursing knowledge base
Critical thinking synthesis
Nursing process and alterations in urinary function
Delegation considerations
Urinary Elimination
Stress Incontinence
Objectives
Evaluation
Intermittent Catheterisation
LongTerm Indwelling Catheterisation
Delegation considerations
Delegation considerations
catheterised patients
Delegation considerations
Delegation considerations
Key Concepts
Critical Thinking Exercises
Scientific knowledge base
Nursing knowledge base
Research Focus
Research Abstract
Reference
Critical thinking synthesis
Nursing process and bowel elimination
Risk Factors
Implications For Practice
Diarrhoea
Delegation considerations
Equipment
Objective
Evaluation
Delegation considerations
Equipment see illustration
Delegation considerations
Delegation considerations
Key Concepts
Critical Thinking Exercises
Scientific knowledge base
Nursing knowledge base
Critical thinking synthesis
Nursing process for impaired body alignment and mobility
Implications For Practice
Immobility
Impaired Physical Mobility
Delegation considerations
Delegation considerations
Delegation considerations
Equipment
Research Focus
EvidenceBased Practice
Key Concepts
Critical Thinking Exercises
Scientific knowledge base
Low Risk
High Risk
Colour
Appearance
Nursing knowledge base
Critical thinking synthesis
Research Focus
Research Abstract
References
Implications For Practice
Wound Healing
Wound Healing
Delegation considerations
Equipment
A Risk Assessment
C Mechanical Loading And Support Surfaces
D Education
Objectives
Evaluation
Assessment
Psychosocial Assessment And Management
Delegation considerations
Equipment
Needle Aspiration Procedure
Objective
Delegation considerations
Objective
Delegation considerations
Delegation considerations
Key Concepts
Critical Thinking Exercises
Scientific knowledge base Normal sensation
Age
Medications
Comfort Level
Endotracheal Intubation
Visual Deficits
Hearing Deficits
Taste Deficit
Cognitive
Perceptual
Nursing knowledge base
Hearing
Peripheral Nerve Injury
Critical thinking synthesis
Nursing process
Physical Appearance And Behaviour
Emotional Stability
Sensory Alterations
Sensory Alterations
Research Focus
Research Abstract
Reference
Infants And Toddlers
SchoolAge Children And Adolescents
Objectives
Teaching Strategies
Clients With Aphasia
Clients With Hearing Impairment
Key Concepts
Critical Thinking Exercises
Nursing knowledge base
Critical thinking synthesis
The nursing process in the preoperative surgical phase
Australian
Vietnamese
Patients Facing Surgery
Surgical Patients
Delegation considerations
Equipment
Transport to the operating room
Intraoperative surgical phase
Objective
Evaluation
The nursing process in postoperative care
Research Focus
EvidenceBased Practice
Key Concepts
Critical Thinking Exercises
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
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