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Actuality admit affirm Anaxagoras Anima animal Antiphasis argument Aristotelian Aristotle Aristotle's believe belongs body Bonitz called Categories cause centre Chap circle cogitation common compound conclusion contrary correlate debate declared define definiend definition Demokritus Dialectic Dialectician differentia distinct doctrine Earth elements Entelechy Entia enunciated Epikurus equivocal eristic Essence essential eternal exist fallacy false farther Form genus Heaven Herakleitus homo Ibid Ignoratio Elenchi Induction infinite Intellect irapa Kara Kosmos logical Matter Maxim of Contradiction meaning Metaphys mind motion moved Movent nature noetic Non-Ens objects Ontology opinion ovra Parmenides particular phantasm philosophers Plato Platonic Realism potentially predicate premisses principia principle propositions Protagoras question reason recognize refutation respecting respondent sense sensible perception sentient soul separate Sokrates Soph Sophist sophistical refutation species spherical Stoics Substance suppose syllogism theory thesis thing tion Topic Topica tovto true truth universal Unum variety VIII words
Page 240 - or Berkeley. In the sixteenth section of the Introduction to the Principles of Human Knowledge, Berkeley says :—" And here it must be acknowledged that a man may consider a figure merely as triangular, without attending to the particular qualities of the angles or relations of the sides.
Page 178 - Aristotle tells us, there were several philosophers and dialecticians who did not recognize the Maxim; maintaining that the same proposition might be at once true and false—that it was possible for the same thing both to be and not to be. How is he to deal with these opponents ? He admits that
Page 310 - could neither wholly affirm, nor wholly deny, any attribute of its subject. Both affirmation and denial were untrue : the real relation between the two was something half-way between affirmation and denial. The Maxim of Excluded Middle is maintained by Aristotle as a doctrine in opposition to this theory of Anaxagoras.
Page 458 - other words, the natural appetite or tendency of all creatures is, to preserve their existing condition with its inherent capacities, and to keep clear of destruction or disablement. This appetite (they said) manifests itself in little children before any pleasure or pain is felt, and is moreover a fundamental postulate,
Page 353 - others call it the Form of a line; saying that in some cases the Form and that of which it is the Form are the same, as the dyad and the Form of the dyad, but that this is not true about line. (These two opinions seem to be substantially the same, and only to differ in the phrase.
Page 310 - We have here discussed these two maxims chiefly in reference to Aristotle's manner of presenting them, and to the conceptions of his predecessors and contemporaries. An excellent view of the Maxims themselves, in their true meaning and value, will be found in Mr. John Stuart Mill's Examination of the Philosophy of Sir Wm. Hamilton,
Page 310 - and all definite attributes. He held that everything was mingled with everything else, though there might be some one or other predominant constituent. In all the changes visible throughout nature, there was no generation of anything new, but only the coming into prominence of some constituent that had before been comparatively latent. According to this theory,
Page 266 - shall presently find Aristotle taking issue with him on both the affirmations included in his theory. But though Plato first introduced this theory into philosophy, he was neither blind to the objections against it, nor disposed to conceal them. His mind was at once poetically constructive and dialectically destructive; to both these impulses the theory furnished
Page 308 - between what is more knowable to us and what is more knowable absolutely or by nature. The natural march of knowledge is to ascend from the first of these two termini (particulars of sense) upward to the second or opposite," and then to descend downward by demonstration or deduction. The