Technology and Urbanism in Late Bronze Age Egypt
This book provides the first systematic and comprehensive discussion of the intra-urban distribution of high-status goods, and their production or role as a marker of the nature of the settlements known as royal cities of New Kingdom Egypt (c.1550-1069 BC). Using spatial analysis to detect patterns of artefact distribution, the study focuses on Amarna, Gurob, and Malqata, incorporating Qantir/Pi-Ramesse for comparison. Being royal cities, these three settlements had a great need for luxury goods. Such items were made of either highly valuable materials, or materials that were not easily produced and therefore required a certain set of skills. Specifically, the industries discussed are those of glass, faience, metal, sculpture, and textiles. Analysis of the evidence of high-status industrial processes throughout the urban settlements, has demonstrated that industrial activities took place in institutionalized buildings, in houses of the elite, and also in small domestic complexes. This leads to the conclusion that materials were processed at different levels throughout the settlements and were subject to a strict pattern of control. The methodological approach to each settlement necessarily varies, depending on the nature and quality of the available data. By examining the distribution of high-status or luxury materials, in addition to archaeological and artefactual evidence of their production, a deeper understanding has been achieved of how industries were organized and how they influenced urban life in New Kingdom Egypt.
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Introduction and Background
Amarna Urban Manufacture of Luxury Items
Gurob Luxury Goods Manufacture in a Harbour and Palace City
Malqata Manufacturing at a Ceremonial Settlement
Luxury Goods Manufacture at Amarna Gurob and Malqata Compared
The Workshop as a Microcosm Workshops and Factories in Urban Settlements
Household or Cottage Industries Modelling Industrial Diversity in New Kingdom Houses and Courtyards
Other editions - View all
Akhenaten Amarna Period Amenhotep III Aten Temple Barry Kemp Borchardt and Ricke Central City City South complex copper-alloy cylindrical vessels Deir el-Medina distribution early excavations Egypt Exploration Society Egyptian elite evidence of glass-working evidence of industrial evidence of metal-working faience moulds faience objects faience production Figure finished glass artefacts glass objects glass rods glass vessels Grid 12 gridsquare Gurob Harem Palace Harem Palace Project high-status indicating industrial activity interpolated density jewellery kilns Kingdom large number larger houses located Main City North mainly Malqata manufacture metal artefacts metal objects Metropolitan Museum modern excavations Nicholson 2007 North Suburb objects related ovens Pi-Ramesse pieces of sculpture possible pottery Pusch Qantir/Pi-Ramesse Ramesses II raw glass raw materials Rehren relevant artefacts relevant objects royal sculpture production Section Shaw Shortland 2000a Small Aten Temple small houses smaller South Village spatial analysis stone structures Thutmose Thutmose III urban vessel fragments workshops yielded