Pragmatism in the Age of Jihad: The Precolonial State of Bundu
Bundu is an anomaly among the precolonial Muslim states of West Africa. Founded during the jihads which swept the savannah in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, it developed a pragmatic policy, unique in the midst of fundamentalist, theocratic Muslim states. Located in the Upper Senegal and with access to the Upper Gambia, Bundu played a critical role in regional commerce and production and reacted quickly to the stimulus of European trade. Drawing on a wide range of sources both oral and documentary, Arabic, English and French, Dr. Gomez provides the first full account of Bundu's history. He analyzes the foundation and growth of an Islamic state at a crossroads between the Saharan and trans-Atlantic trade, paying particular attention to the relationship between Islamic thought and court policy, and to the state's response to militant Islam in the early nineteenth century.
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Malik Sy and the origins of a pragmatic polity
Consolidation and expansion in the eighteenth century
External reforms and internal consequences Futa Toro and Bundu
The reassertion of Sissibe integrity
Structure of the Bundunke Almaamate
Struggle for the Upper Senegal Valley
Alhajj Umar in Bundu
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Abdul Abdul Qadir According accounts activities Africa Almaami Amadi Aissata ANF 13G Bakel Bambuk became become began Bokar Saada Bondou Boulebane branch Bubu Malik Bundu Bundunke Bundunkobe cleric Collection Commandant communities concerned consequence continued Curtin death early eighteenth English established Etudes fact Faleme forces French Futa Toro Gajaaga Gambia given Governor Histoire History Ibid important influence interests Islam Jakhanke Jiba jihād June Kaarta Kamara Koussan Lamartiny land latter maintained major Malik Sy Mamadu Lamine March militant Musa Muslim nineteenth century Notice Paris period policies political Ranšon reform region reign relations remained Report result returned River Roux ruler ruling Saada Amadi Saint Louis Samba Sega Senegal Senoudebou Shaykh Sissibe slaves Soninke sources southern succession town trade traditions Travels Tumane turn Umar Umarians Upper Upper Senegal upper valley various villages West Wuli