The Carmelites and Antiquity: Mendicants and their Pasts in the Middle Ages
The Carmelites, the only contemplative religious order to have been founded in the Crusader States, first emerged as a group of hermits living on Mount Carmel, a site associated with the prophet Elijah. Soon after migrating to the West, in the mid-thirteenth century, they began to develop the geographical associations into a complex historical tradition based on the claim to have been founded by the prophet. Carmelite historical myths were first developed as a response to the threat of suppression, but increasingly came to form the basis of a distinctive ecclesiology and mission. This book, which is the first full-length study of the Carmelite historical legendary, examines the circumstances under which the traditions were constructed, describes the evolution of the traditions themselves from the thirteenth to sixteenth centuries, and places them within the wider context of historical writing by religious orders, and attitudes to the past more generally in the later Middle Ages.
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Aimery Albert Angelo Clareno antiquity apostolic argued Augustine Augustinian Hermits Baconthorpe Bale Bale's Basil Benedictine bishop Blessed Virgin Bodleian Library bull canon Carmeli Carmelitarum Carmelite historical Carmelite Houses Carmelite Order chapter Cheminot Christ Christian Church Cistercian claim context Cronica crusader Cyril Cyril of Alexandria Dominicans ecclesiology Elijah English eremitical example fifteenth-century fourteenth century Francis Franciscans friars Gerard Greek habit historical tradition Holy Land Ibid Ignea Sagitta institutione Jean de Cheminot Jerusalem Joachim Joachim of Fiore John Bale John of Hildesheim Jordan Latin Library MS 73 living manuscript Mary Medieval melite mendicant monastic monasticism monks Mt Carmel narrative ordinis origins Orthodox Oxford Paleonydorus pallium papal Paris patriarch Perpaucorum Peter pope preaching prior-general prophecy prophets religious order Ribot Rome rubrica rule Saggi Salimbene sources Speculum Spiritual Franciscans Staring texts thirteenth century tion treatise twelfth century Universis christifidelibus Vincent of Beauvais vita William of Coventry Xiberta