Integration and Fragmentation of the Sudan: an African Renaissance

Front Cover
AuthorHouse, Feb 21, 2011 - History - 732 pages
The most comprehensive, profound, and accurate book ever written in the history of modern Sudan, Integration and Fragmentation of the Sudan: An African Renaissance, is an encyclopedia of ancient and modern history as well as the politics of Sudan. It is a library of data that discusses Sudan from its economic, political, and social standpoint since the Arab discovery and use of the term Bilad es Sudan up through the modern republic of the Sudan after which South and North Sudan collided in 1947. Although written to correct fabrications, this book is a foundation on which future Sudans shall live on. It is full of useful information that discusses and provides feasible solutions to the fundamental problem of the Sudan that ruptured the country from the Berlin Conference to the post-independence era. For centuries, Sudanese and the international community have been fed with idealistic information as if Sudan started with the coming of the Arabs in the fourteenth century. This persisted due to the lack of resources and formal education among African natives. Khartoums unreasonable diversion of genuine history is one among the many causes of mistrust and division in Sudan. The indigenous Africans found themselves peripheral to Khartoum where economic and political power is concentrated. Integration and fragmentation of Sudan: An African Renaissance is a great source of knowledge for the public and students of Sudanese politics. With the referendum and popular consultation approaching, this book is a head-start for the marginalized Black Africans to make an informed decision between oppression and liberty. Examples and testimonies provided in the text are reasons for the affected regions to permanently determine their future. For freedom diehards this book lays the foundation on which to celebrate the birth of Africas newest sovereign nation along the Nile River.
 

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Contents

Military Training and Preparation for War
286
Start of Hostilities and the SPLA First Military Offensives
290
SPLACivilian Relations
298
Officers Training College and Restructuring of the PMHC
305
The SPLA Military Draft Policy
313
The Creation of Unaccompanied Minor Camps
318
The SPLASAFNIF War Strategy
329
SPLA Military Offensive
342

Who is who in Sudan?
34
Annexation Integration and the Making of Sudan
39
Integration of Nuba and the Funj Sultanates
42
Annexation of Darfur
50
The Quest for Condominium
55
The Condominium
58
South Sudans Reaction to Condominium
60
The Genesis of Gel Wong Tit Baai and War against Britain
64
National Defense and the Start of Jiesh Mabor
75
Traditional Militia and the Genesis of Arrow Boys
77
The Unification of Sudan
79
Conflict of Identities
87
Race and Ethnicity
91
Religion and Religious Affiliation
114
Wars and Fragmentation of the Sudan
133
Rise of Nationalism and the First Civil War
135
Preparation for Armed Struggle
141
The Torit Mutiny
144
Anya Nya and the First Civil War
149
The Crumbing of Anya Nya
156
Reunification of the Movement
160
The Road to Peace
165
Africans Factionalism and the Norths Divide and Rule Subterfuge
175
The First Test of African Nationalism
181
Nimeiris Political Propaganda against Joseph Lagu and Abel Alier
187
Kokora and Division of the South
194
Anya Nya II and the SPLMA
197
Hallucination and Split of the SPLMA
203
The SouthSouth Civil War
211
Formation and Disintegration of SPLMAUnited
220
Effect of Fragmentation on South Sudan
227
Sudans Second Civil War
233
The Bor Mutiny
238
The Journey to Bilpam
248
The Founding of SPLMSPLA
252
The Founding Fathers
259
The Leadership Hierarchy
263
Military Recruitment
269
Media as Weapon to Fight the War
282
Khartoum Reaction to SPLAs Momentum
353
Sudans Last Dictator and the NorthSouth last Phase of war
364
The SPLASAFNIF Skirmish
372
Role of International Community in the Conflict
393
The ArabIsraeli Wars Effect on Sudan
401
Effects of the Cold War
406
19902005
422
Peace Agreement and the Interim Period
436
The Future of Sudan after CPA
445
National Economy and Social Contention
447
Cash and Subsistence Crop Farming
452
Animal Resources
458
Wildlife
463
Water Resources
469
The Jonglei Canal
472
Industrial Revolution
475
Oil Discovery in South Sudan
478
Oil Unequal Development and the War
488
Economic Development during the Interim Period
494
The Peace Agreements
499
The Juba Conference
501
The Round Table Conference
507
Addis Ababa Agreement
509
Koka Dam Declaration Abuja IGADD and the IGAD Peace Talks
521
Khartoum Peace Agreement
535
The Comprehensive Peace Agreement
539
The PostCPA Era Unity versus Separation
553
Formation of GONU and GOSS
563
The GONUs Functions and Call for Un Attractive Unity
569
The 2010 General Elections
578
The Future of Sudan
587
South Sudans Referendum A Case for Independence
591
The Potency of African Unity
596
Why South Sudan Must Secede Now
601
Need for SelfDetermination and Secession of Nuba and Ingessina Hills
610
A Defining Moment for South Sudanese
612
Endnotes
633
Index
679
Copyright

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About the author (2011)

Mawut Achiecque Mach Guarak is former child soldier in South Sudan’s War of Liberation. He served in the Sudan People’s Liberation Army as a foot soldier for many years before attending a refugee school in Northern Kenya. Eventually he relocated to New York in the United States where he completed his undergraduate and graduate studies. Despite relocation to the United States, distance did not keep him away from contributing to Sudan’s change for freedom, justice, equality, and progress; he was a self-appointed lobbyist who rallies American support by contacting politicians and other influential figures. In addition to educating American public and politicians on the fundamental problem of the Sudan, Mawut helped organized the Sudanese Diaspora to rally international support. He was an organizer for the May 19, 2004 demonstration in Syracuse, New York and subsequent demonstrations in the United States including one at the United Nations in Manhattan.

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