Biochemical Aspects of Crop Improvement
This book provides a comprehensive review at the biochemical and molecular level of the processes and techniques that contribute to crop improvement. General topics include a historical perspective of the advancements in crop improvement; cultivar systematics and biochemical and molecular markers in crop improvement programs; the genetics of physiological and biochemical processes affecting crop yield; the genetics of photosynthesis, chloroplast, relevant enzymes, and mutations; osmoregulation/adjustment and the production of protective compounds in relation to drought tolerance; and the biochemistry of disease resistance, including elicitors, defense response genes, their role in the production of phytoalexins and other strategies against pathogens. Other topics include quality breeding (e.g., molecular gene structure, changing individual amino acids, enhancing nutritive value of proteins) and biotechnology/genetic engineering. Geneticists, biochemists, botanists, agricultural specialists and others involved in crop improvement and breeding should consider this volume essential reading.
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Advent of Genetics and Crop Improvement after Rediscovery
World Population Growth and the Agricultural Input Status at Present
Acad accumulation activity Agrobacterium alkaloids alleles amino acid analysis avirulence gene barley Biochem biosynthesis Brassica campestris carboxylase cereals characterization Chem chemotaxonomy chlorophyll chloroplast chloroplast genome chromosome cloned components cpDNA crop plants cultivars culture cytoplasmic DNA sequences elicitor encoding enzyme erucic acid fatty acid fatty acid composition fragments fungal gene expression genome genotypes grain growth higher plants hordein hybrids identified increased induced interactions investigated involved isolated isozyme leaf linoleic acid linolenic locus lysine maize marker loci metabolism mitochondrial molecular molecules mRNA mutants Natl nitrogen nuclear nucleotide oleic osmotic adjustment pathogen pathway phenotypic photorespiration photosynthesis phytoalexin plant breeding plant cells Plant Pathol Plant Physiol plasmid pollen polypeptides population potato potential Proc production proline protein protoplasts quantitative trait resistance response ribosomal rRNA Rubisco seed proteins selection sorghum soybean species studies subunit synthesis T-DNA Theor tissue tobacco variation water stress wheat yield